Level B1 – French Listening Comprehension Exercise

Listening comprehension is often one of the most difficult skills to develop, and that’s why it’s so important to expose yourself to spoken French as frequently as possible. In this exercise, listening comprehension and grammar skills combine forces! The reading that you will listen to includes many verbs in the imparfait, futur simple, and conditionnel (among other tenses). This is a four step activity to help you work on listening, reading, and writing skills.

What’s included in this French listening comprehension activity?

👉STEP 1: Listen to a 4 minute audio recording about a 14 year old girl making a diary entry

👉STEP 2: Download the fill in the blanks exercise. Write verbs in the imparfait, futur simple, and conditionnel as you listen to the audio recording. The verbs are not provided on the worksheet, so this will be a challenge.

👉STEP 3: Download the fill in the blanks writing verbs in the imparfait, futur simple, and conditionnel as you read the text carefully paying attention to context. The infinitive form of each verb is provided in parentheses. You can either do this exercise while listening to the audio or not.

👉STEP 4: Download the complete French text and English translation in case there are some passages you don’t completely understand.


French Stressed Pronouns – Disjunctive Pronouns

Stressed pronouns – Use them to add emphasis

Use French stressed pronouns to add emphasis to what you want to say.  Use these pronouns when you want to change the tone of your voice (as we do in English).  You can place them either at the beginning or at the end of a sentence. Have a look at my comprehensive video lesson at the bottom of this page.

French Disjunctive / Stress Pronouns – Lesson Guide

EnglishFrenchExample
memoiMoi, je parle français. Je parle français, moi.
youtoiToi, tu parles français? Tu parles français, toi?
himluiLui, il parle français. Il parle français, lui.
herelleElle, elle parle français. Elle parle français, elle?
usnousNous, nous parlons français. Nous parlons français, nous.
youvousVous, vous parlez français? Vous parlez français, vous?
them (masculine)euxEux, ils parlent français? Ils parlent français, eux?
them (feminine)ellesElles, elles parlent français. Elles parlent français, elles?

Stressed pronouns – Use them after prepositions or prepositions of location

Careful:  You won’t use disjunctive pronouns with À + A PERSON because that would require an indirect object pronoun.  Many times POUR + A PERSON will also require an indirect object pronoun if something is actually being done for that person.

moiavec – withavec moi – with me
toipour – forpour toi – for you
luichez – at the home ofchez lui – at his house
elleavant – beforeavant elle – before her
nousdevant – in front ofdevant nous – in front of us
vousaprès – afteraprès vous – after you
euxderrière – behindderrière eux – behind them
ellesà côté de – next toà côté d’elles – next to them

Stressed pronouns – Emphasize who is doing something

When you want to say something like “I  am the one who is going to the store”, just use the following model.  You must be sure to make the verb agree with the stress / disjunctive pronoun being used.  Even though we don’t say it like this in English, here’s a direct translation.  It’s as if you were saying “It is me who am going to the store”.  Weird, huh? But that’s how you do it in French, and it makes sense.

EnglishFrenchExample
memoiC’est moi qui vais au magasin.
I’m the one who is going to the store.
youtoiC’est toi qui vas au magasin.
You’re the one who is going to the store.
himluiC’est lui qui va au magasin.
He’s the one who is going to the store.
herelleC’est elle qui va au magasin.
She’s the one who is going to the store.
usnousC’est nous qui allons au magasin.
We’re the ones who are going to the store.
youvousC’est vous qui allez au magasin.
You’re the ones who are going to the store. (plural vous)
them (masculine)euxCe sont eux qui vont au magasin.
They’re the ones who are going to the store.
them (feminine)ellesCe sont elles qui vont au magasin.
They’re the ones who are going to the store.

Stressed pronouns – Use them to say also or neither – either

EnglishFrenchExample
me too
moi non plus              
moi aussi
me neither
Je vais au magasin, moi aussi.
I’m also going to the store.

Je ne vais pas au magasin, moi non plus.
I’m not going to the store either.
you too
you neither
toi aussi
toi non plus
Tu vas au magasin, toi aussi.
You’re also going to the store.

Tu ne vas pas au magasin, toi non plus.
You’re not going to the store either.
him too
him either
lui aussi
lui non plus
Il va au magasin, lui aussi.
He’s also going to the store.

Il ne va pas au magasin, lui non plus.
He’s not going to the store either.
her too
her either
elle aussi
elle non plus
Elle va au magasin, elle aussi.
She’s also going to the store.

Elle ne va pas au magasin, elle non plus.
She’s not going to the store either.
us too

us either
nous aussi

nous non plus         
Nous allons au magasin, nous aussi.
We’re also going to the store.

Nous n’allons pas au magasin, nous non plus.
We’re not going to the store either.
you too

you either
vous aussi

vous non plus
Vous allez au magasin, vous aussi.
You’re also going to the store.

Vous n’allez pas au magasin, vous non plus.
You’re not going to the store either.
them too (masculine)

them either (masculine)
eux aussi

eux non plus
Ils vont au magasin, eux aussi.
They’re also going to the store.

Ils ne vont pas au magasin, eux non plus.
They’re not going to the store either.
them too (feminine)

them either (feminine)
elles aussi

elles non plus
Elles vont au magasin, elles aussi.
They’re also going to the store.

Elles ne vont pas au magasin, elles non plus.
They’re not going to the store either.

French Stress Pronouns – Disjunctive Pronouns Comprehensive Lesson

This is a complete lesson on how to use French disjunctive pronouns: MOI – TOI – LUI – ELLE – NOUS – VOUS – EUX – ELLES. In English these are: ME – YOU – HIM – HER – US – PLURAL YOU – THEM.

The first step is to watch my 13 minute video tutorial carefully and take notes. I’ve included a 7 page support guide so that you will have all of the examples used in the video written down for you. In the support guide document you will also find a link to a quizlet study set on French prepositions of location. These are often used with disjunctive pronouns.

You’ll then take an online quiz to practice what you’ve learned in the video tutorial. There are 50 questions with multiple choice answers.

Next, you’ll be able to download 50 cards to practice using French stress pronouns in three different ways. These cards closely resemble the online quiz, but they’re much more of a challenge since there are no multiple choice answers available. Also, the answer prompts aren’t always exactly they way you will have seen them in the multiple choice quiz. You can either practice with these cards online or print out a deck for those times when you don’t want to be stuck in front of your computer.

All of the cards have a question written on them. There are two blanks to fill in with your answers. One of the blanks requires a disjunctive pronoun, and the other requires you to change the verb conjugation to agree with the subject of the answer sentence. All of the cards are written in the present tense.

At last comes the real challenge and the true test to know when you’ve finally mastered French disjunctive pronouns. You’ll listen to an audio recording of me asking you the same 50 questions that you will have first seen in the multiple choice quiz, then you will have practiced using the challenge cards with answer prompts. This time you’ll write out your answers with no prompts at all on the student response sheet provided. Answer key is provided.

Verbs to be conjugated in present tense: être (10 cards), aller (14 cards), avoir (5 cards), faire (5 cards), regular -er verbs (12 cards), vouloir (1 card), partir (2 cards), prendre (1 card).

SAMPLE QUESTION:

Vous allez dîner chez nous demain?

RÉPONSE:

Oui, nous ___ dîner chez ___ demain.

Oui, nous allons dîner chez vous demain.

SAMPLE QUESTION:

C’est toi qui vas apporter le gâteau?

RÉPONSE:

Oui, c’est ___ qui ___ apporter le gâteau.

Oui, c’est moi qui vais apporter le gâteau.

SAMPLE QUESTION:

Tu ne vas pas à la piscine? Et Marc et Jules?

RÉPONSE:

___ non plus. Ils ne ___ pas à la piscine.

Eux non plus. Ils ne vont pas à la piscine.


Le Futur Simple – French Future Tense

Are you ready to learn a new way to speak about the future? Have you been using the futur proche all the time? Are you ready to up your game in the way you speak French? You’ll see the futur simple is very useful, and it’s not hard to form. Have a look at my comprehensive video lesson at the bottom of this page. I will teach you how to use this tense with regular and irregular verbs, and you’ll have loads of resources to help you practice and master your new skill!

Common verbs that have irregular future stems

infinitivestemfuturetranslation
allerir-j’iraiI will go
avoiraur-j’auraiI will have
courircourr-je courraiI will run
devoirdevr-je devraiI will have to
envoyerenverr-j’enverraiI will send
êtreser-je seraiI will be
fairefer-je feraiI will do / I will make
falloirfaudr-il faudraIt will be necessary
mourirmourr-je mourraiI will die
obtenirobtiendr-j’obtiendraiI will obtain
pleuvoirpleuvr-il pleuvraIt will rain
pouvoirpourr-je pourraiI will be able to
recevoirrecevr-je recevraiI will receive
savoirsaur-je sauraiI will know
tenirtiendr-je tiendraiI will hold
venirviendr-je viendraiI will come
voirverr-je verraiI will see
vouloirvoudr-je voudraiI will want

FUTUR SIMPLE COURSE & PRACTICE RESOURCES

STEP 1: Download your 6 page study guide and be ready to take notes and write sentences in the futur simple.

STEP 2: Watch my video tutorial.

STEP 3: Worksheet #1 – Futur proche vs Futur simple

STEP 4: Worksheet #2 – Complete sentences by filling in the blanks with verbs in the futur simple.

STEP 5: Practice, practice, practice using your set of 40 conjugation cards. You’ll see the futur simple in action with 40 new examples. Regular and irregular verbs are included for lots of exposure.

STEP 6: Have a little fun while learning the futur simple with 5 crossword puzzles.

STEP 7: Once you complete this set of 50 sudoku puzzles, you’ll definitely be a pro! There are so many different versions. You’ll be able to print new ones anytime you’d like a fun review.

STEP 8: See the futur simple in action with 10 different page long mini-dialogues. It’s always a great idea to see how your new skill can be used in different contexts. Try reading them aloud to practice oral production! Here’s a list of the fun themes used in the dialogues:

La météo
Le cinéma
Au restaurant
Chez le médecin
L’automne
L’environnement
La montagne
La plage
Les vacances
Les tâches ménagères

STEP 9: You have 60 half-page worksheets to practice using 60 different verbs in the futur simple. Regular and irregular verbs are included. You write the conjugation as well as your own sentence using the verb. Use at least 7 words!

STEP 10: You’ll get a link to a Quizlet study set that you can use online anytime to practice forming the futur simple with fun games and tests to evaluate your progress.


Level A1 – 20 French Dictées

“Dictation is the transcription of spoken text: one person who is “dictating” speaks and another who is “taking dictation” writes down the words as they are spoken. Among speakers of several languages, dictation is used as a test of language skill, similar to spelling bees in the English-speaking world.”

You can watch the first of twenty French beginner level dictation exercises in the video at the bottom of this post. Click on the button below for a free transcript, translation, and audio version of “Dans la rue”.

➯ Video presentation of the dictée. Watch me and listen as I read each sentence two times slowly enough to understand and write at the same time. Many non-natives find it makes the listening comprehension part of dictation exercises more manageable to see the speaker’s mouth. Once I’ve finished reading the dictation, I will present each written sentence in French along with the English translation. Once we’ve gone through all of the sentences and you have checked your work, I will present the complete text in paragraph form on the screen. At that time, we can slowly read through the complete text together so they can see how the separate sentences actually form a short story.

➯ Audio presentation of the dictée.. Listen as I read each sentence two times slowly enough to understand and write at the same time. This version of the exercise will be more challenging as you will not see the speaker’s mouth.

➯ PDF of the numbered sentences in the dictée and the English translation.

➯ Numbered response sheet. This is located on page 2 of the PDF.


The following dictées are included in my money saving FRENCH PROGRAM FOR SELF-LEARNERS.


All of the included themes are also available for individual purchase:

French Listening Comprehension for Beginners

Have you learned all or most of the French grammar you see on the list below? Do you find it easier to read and write than to speak and understand when being spoken to? Listening comprehension takes a ton of practice. Watch Jennifer’s first lesson on listening comprehension for beginners in the video below. This is the French course for you if you have studied a lot of basic grammar, and you need to practice putting it all together. Maybe you have some knowledge of French grammar, but you have difficulty creating solid sentences. In this course you will learn a lot about all of those “extra” words that pop up everywhere in French (and why they’re there).

This is an upper beginner level French listening comprehension course. Ten lessons are included for a total of 2.5 + hours of video instruction. Each comprehensive lesson includes French grammar unique to the A1 level (see grammar specifics below).

This lesson is included in my BUNDLED FRENCH LESSONS.

Each lesson covers a different theme, but the grammar used is repeated in different contexts lesson to lesson all the while adding new elements from the list.

In each lesson:

  • Jennifer does a first reading of the text on video
  • Jennifer asks 5 comprehension questions and you begin to answer
  • Jennifer does a second reading of the text on video
  • Jennifer shows you the 5 comprehension questions in written form and you finish answering
  • Jennifer goes over all 5 questions and answers with you
  • Jennifer leads you through a comprehensive grammatical analysis of the text

Each video lesson lasts approximately fifteen minutes. PDFs of the texts in French with English translations as well as the 5 listening comprehension questions are provided for you to print out and perhaps take notes on as you take each lesson.

This French listening comprehension course for beginners covers the grammar on the list below:

  • French subject pronouns
  • Stressed pronouns
  • Articles: Definite, indefinite and partitives
  • Plural nouns
  • Possessive adjectives
  • Prepositions of location
  • Numbers
  • Time, days, months
  • French verb ALLER
  • French verb ÊTRE
  • French verb AVOIR + expressions
  • French verb FAIRE + expressions
  • French verb PRENDRE
  • French verb METTRE
  • Descriptive adjectives
  • Questions
  • Il faut / Il ne faut pas
  • Themed vocabulary

There is a lot included in the lessons that isn’t on this list. Don’t worry, these are new things you will learn during our time together. Have a look at the first lesson in the following video.

Common French Reflexive Verbs

Watch my video lesson on how to use French reflexive verbs in the present and passé composé tenses. Download your 10 page support guide to this lesson on Patreon. Here’s a list of 32 of the most common reflexive verbs, their past participles, and their translations in English.

French Passé Composé with Être – List of Verbs

Watch my vide lesson on using the verb être as helping verb in the French passé composé. Download your support guide to this lesson on Patreon. Here’s a list of the most common 17 verbs that take être as auxiliary verb. Click here for my full course.

French Dictée – Beginner Level – Le Voyage

Listen to the dictée while watching the video below. Download your free support guide which indicates all of the grammar topics included as well as the correction and English translation @LLL French Academy.

THEMELE VOYAGE
LEVELA1 – BEGINNER
LENGTH40 – 60 WORDS: This is the length of the written part of the A1 DELF EXAM
INSTRUCTIONSWrite exactly what you hear in the dictée.  I will read each sentence twice. 

Pause the video if you need more time to write. Keep in mind that in French many words seem to run together and sound like just one word. 

Useful vocabulary:
point = period; full stop
virgule = comma
point d’exclamation = exclamation mark
point d’interrogation = question mark
GRAMMARGrammar covered in this dictée:

Regular French verbs ending in ER, IR, and RE
Reflexive verbs – Present tense
Futur proche
Passé composé with avoir
Imperfect tense
Direct object pronouns
Indirect object pronouns

French Descriptive Adjectives

Descriptive Adjectives

There are two main factors to consider when using adjectives in French, and they are very different to the way we use adjectives in English. Scroll all the way down if you just want a quick list of 40 very easy to use French adjectives.

French adjectives must agree in number and in gender with the person, place or thing that they are describing. 
Most of the time you must place the adjective AFTER the noun it is describing.  
The final consonant in masculine adjectives is usually silent and usually pronounced in feminine ones.

Master French descriptive adjectives – Included in my Bundled French Lessons for Self-Learners

Agreement of French adjectives

Most of the time you add an E to a masculine adjective to make it feminine, and you add an S to make it plural.  Exceptions follow.

masculine

singular
masculine

plural
feminine

singular
feminine

plural
bleu


blue
bleu

C’est un
stylo bleu.
bleus

Ce sont des
stylos bleus.
bleue

C’est une voiture bleue.
bleues

Ce sont des voitures bleues.
amusant

funny / fun
amusant

C’est un garçon amusant.
amusants
Ce sont des garçons
amusants.
amusante

C’est une fille amusante.
amusantes

Ce sont des
filles amusantes.
salé

salty
salé
C’est un plat salé.
salés
Ce sont des plats salés.
salée
C’est une
tarte salée.
salées
Ce sont des
tartes salées.

Sometimes the masculine form of the adjective already ends in E.  When this is the case there is no difference in the masculine and feminine forms.

adjectivemasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
timide
shy
timide
C’est un garçon timide.
timides
Ce sont des garçons timides.
timide
C’est une fille timide.
timides
Ce sont des filles timides.

Other common regular French adjectives

English meaningmasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
warmchaudchaudschaudechaudes
shortcourtcourtscourtecourtes
rightdroitdroitsdroitedroites
strongfortfortsfortefortes
coldfroidfroidsfroidefroides
graygrisgrisgrisegrises
highhauthautshautehautes
uglylaidlaidslaidelaides
heavylourdlourdslourdelourdes
evilmauvaismauvaismauvaisemauvaises
perfectparfaitparfaitsparfaiteparfaites
smallpetitpetitspetitepetites
deafsourdsourdssourdesourdes
amusingamusantamusantsamusanteamusantes
contentcontentcontentscontentecontentes
biggrandgrandsgrandegrandes
intelligentintelligentintelligentsintelligenteintelligentes
interestingintéressantintéressantsintéressanteintéressantes
meanméchantméchantsméchanteméchantes
slowlentlentslentelentes
fullpleinpleinspleinepleines
nextprochainprochainsprochaineprochaines
powerfulpuissantpuissantspuissantepuissantes
bluebleubleusbleuebleues
clearclairclairsclaireclaires
complicatedcompliquécompliquéscompliquéecompliquées
sorrydésolédésolésdésoléedésolées
harddurdursduredures
equalégalégalségaleégales
tiredfatiguéfatiguésfatiguéefatiguées
happygaigaisgaiegaies
prettyjolijolisjoliejolies
blacknoirnoirsnoirenoires
politepolipolispoliepolies
suresûrsûrssûresûres

Some French adjectives come before the noun they describe:  BAGS = Beauty, Age, Goodness, Size

When an adjective falls into the BAGS category you need to put it in front of the nouns that it describes.

BeautybeauC’est un beau chien.That’s a beautiful dog.
AgevieuxC’est un vieux monsieur.He’s an old man.
Good or BadbonC’est un bon gâteau.This is a good cake.
SizegrandC’est un grand garçon.He’s a tall boy.

Other common French adjectives that are placed before the noun

English meaningmasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
youngjeunejeunesjeunejeunes
little, small, shortpetitpetitspetitepetites
badmauvaismauvaismauvaisemauvaises
bestmeilleurmeilleursmeilleuremeilleures
false, fakefauxfauxfaussefausses
big, fatgrosgrosgrossegrosses
highhauthautshautehautes
prettyjolijolisjoliejolies
newnouveaunouveauxnouvellenouvelles

Sometimes the masculine form of the adjective ends in S or X.  When this is the case there is no difference in the masculine singular and plural forms.

The following example uses an adjective that falls into the BAGS category, so it is placed before the noun that it describes. 

Note that when the adjective comes BEFORE the noun, DES must change to DE.  This is an exception in the French language.

adjectivemasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
gros
big
gros
C’est un gros chien.
gros
Ce sont de gros chiens.
grosse
C’est une grosse voiture.
grosses
Ce sont de grosses voitures.

Irregular adjectives

Most adjectives are formed as you see in the examples above.  However, many French adjectives are irregular.

Adjectives that end in a VOWEL + L

Make the adjective feminine by doubling the L and adding an E.

adjectivemasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
personnel
personal
personnel
C’est un problème personnel.
personnels
Ce sont des problèmes personnels.
personnelle
C’est une histoire personnelle.
personnelles
Ce sont des histoires personnelles.
cruel
cruel
cruel
Ce professeur est cruel.
cruels
Ces gens sont cruels.
cruelle
C’est une femme cruelle.
cruelles
Ce sont des femmes cruelles.

Adjectives that end in a VOWEL + N

Make the adjective feminine by doubling the N and adding an E.  The adjective in the following example falls into the BAGS category.

adjectivemasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
bon
good
bon
C’est un bon restaurant.
bons
Ce sont de bons restaurants.
bonne
C’est une bonne idée.
bonnes
Ce sont de bonnes idées.

Other common French adjectives that end in a VOWEL + N

English meaningmasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
ancient, oldancienanciensancienneanciennes
Christianchrétienchrétienschrétiennechrétiennes
Europeaneuropéeneuropéenseuropéenneeuropéenne
Italianitalienitaliensitalienneitaliennes
middlemoyenmoyensmoyennemoyennes
Parisianparisienparisiensparisienneparisiennes
ruralpaysanpaysanspaysannepaysannes

Adjectives that end in ER or ET

Make these adjectives feminine by adding an ACCENT GRAVE.

Make the adjective feminine by doubling the L and adding an E.

adjectivemasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
léger
light
léger
C’est un repas léger.
légers
Ce sont des repas légers.
légère
C’est une table légère.
légères
Ce sont des tables légères.
complet
full
complet
Le bus est complet.
complets
Les bus sont complets.
complète
La liste est complète.
complètes
Les listes sont complètes.

Other common French adjectives that end in ER

English meaningmasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
bitterameramersamèreamères
expensive, dearchercherschèrechères
lastdernierderniersdernièredernières
entire, wholeentierentiersentièreentières
foreignétrangerétrangersétrangèreétrangères
proudfierfiersfièrefières
firstpremierpremierspremièrepremières

Other common French adjectives that end in ET

English meaningmasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
concreteconcretconcretsconcrèteconcrètes
discreetdiscretdiscretsdiscrètediscrètes
uneasy, worriedinquietinquietsinquièteinquiètes
secretsecretsecretssecrètesecrètes

Adjectives that end in C

Make the adjective feminine by adding HE to the end

adjectivemasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
franc
frank / honest
franc
C’est un homme très franc.
francs
Ce sont des hommes très francs.
franche
C’est une femme très franche.
franches
Ce sont des femmes très franches.

Other common French adjectives that end in C

English meaningmasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
whiteblancblancsblancheblanches
drysecsecssèchesèches

Adjectives that end in EUR

Make the adjective feminine by taking off the R and adding SE.  The following adjective falls into the BAGS category.

adjectivemasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
meilleur
best
meilleur
C’est mon meilleur ami.
meilleurs
Ce sont mes meilleurs amis.
meilleure
C’est ma meilleure amie.
meilleures
Ce sont mes meilleures amies.

Other common French adjectives that end in EUR and that follow this pattern

English meaningmasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
anteriorantérieurantérieursantérieureantérieures
posteriorpostérieurpostérieurspostérieurepostérieures
exteriorextérieurextérieursextérieureextérieures
interiorintérieurintérieursintérieureintérieures
inferiorinférieurinférieursinférieureinférieures
superiorsupérieursupérieurssupérieuresupérieures
majormajeurmajeursmajeuremajeures
minormineurmineursmineuremineures
bestmeilleurmeilleursmeilleuremeilleures

Adjectives that end in TEUR

Make the adjective feminine by taking off the EUR and adding RICE

adjectivemasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
conservateur
conservative
conservateur
C’est un parti politique conservateur.
conservateurs
Ce sont des partis politiques conservateurs.
conservatrice
C’est une femme politique conservatrice.
conservatrices
Ce sont des femmes politiques conservatrices.

Other common French adjectives that end in TEUR 

English meaningmasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
actingacteuracteursactriceactrices
creativecréateurcréateurscréatricecréatrices
protectiveprotecteurprotecteursprotectriceprotectrices

Adjectives that end in EUX

Make the adjective feminine by taking off the X and adding SE.  Note that the masculine singular and plural forms are the same.

adjectivemasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
heureux
happy
heureux
Il est heureux.
heureux
Ils sont heureux.
heureuse
Elle est heureuse.
heureuses
Elles sont heureuses.

Other common French adjectives that end in EUX

English meaningmasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
in loveamoureuxamoureuxamoureuseamoureuses
courageouscourageuxcourageuxcourageusecourageuses
curiouscurieuxcurieuxcurieusecurieuses
boringennuyeuxennuyeuxennuyeuseennuyeuses
furiousfurieuxfurieuxfurieusefurieuses
jealousjalouxjalouxjalousejalouses
marvelousmerveilleuxmerveilleuxmerveilleusemerveilleuses
fearfulpeureuxpeureuxpeureusepeureuses
serioussérieuxsérieuxsérieusesérieuses

Adjectives that end in F

Make the adjective feminine by taking off the F and adding VE.

adjectivemasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
actif
active
actif
C’est un enfant actif.
actifs
Ce sont des enfants actifs.
active
C’est une petite fille active.
actives
Ce sont de petites filles actives.

Other common French adjectives that end in F

adjectivemasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
active



briefbrefbrefsbrèvebrèves
destructivedéstructifdéstructifsdéstructivedéstructives
newneufneufsneuveneuves
alive, brightvifvifsvivevives

Irregular plural adjectives

When an adjective ends in AL in the masculine form you must change the AL to AUX in the masculine plural.  Note that the feminine singular and plural forms follow the normal rules.

Make the adjective feminine by doubling the L and adding an E.

adjectivemasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
génial
great / fantastic
génial
Mon fils est génial.
géniaux
Mes enfants sont géniaux.
géniale
Ma fille est géniale.
géniales
Mes filles sont géniales.

Very irregular adjective forms


NEWOLDCRAZYBEAUTIFULSOFT
masculine singularnouveau
C’est un nouveau film.
vieux
C’est un vieux monsieur.
fou
Ce garçon est fou.
beau
C’est un beau gâteau.
mou
Le concombre est mou.
masculine singular before a VOWEL or Hnouvel
C’est mon nouvel appartement.
vieil
C’est un vieil homme.
fol
C’est un fol espoir.
bel
C’est un bel hôtel.
mol
C’est un mol avocat.
masculine pluralnouveaux
Ce sont de nouveaux pantalons.
vieux
Ce sont de vieux vêtements.
fous
Ils sont tous fous.
beaux
Les monuments sont beaux.
mous
Les légumes sont mous.
feminine singularnouvelle
C’est une nouvelle élève.
vieille
C’est une vieille voiture.
folle
C’est une folle aventure.
belle
C’est une belle femme.
molle
Cette orange est molle.
feminine pluralnouvelles
Ce sont de nouvelles chaussures.
vieilles
Ce sont de vieilles maisons.
folles
Ce sont de folles aventures.
belles
Ce sont de belles jeunes filles.
molles
Ces pommes sont molles.

40 easy to use French descriptive adjectives:

1bongood
2mauvaisbad
3jolipretty
4gentilnice
5fortstrong
6drôlefunny
7bizarreodd
8effrayéscared
9fâchéangry
10cherexpensive
11courageuxbrave
12désorientéconfused
13difficiledifficult
14facileeasy
15épuiséexhausted
16fatiguétired
17gravetotally (slang)
18grosfat; heavy
19impossibleimpossible
20justefair
21librefree; available
22meilleurbetter
23mocheugly
24navrésorry
25pareilthe same
26pauvrepoor
27presséin a hurry
28prêtready
29ravidelighted
30simpleuncomplicated
31sympanice
32tranquillecalm
33travailleurhardworking
34tristesad
35videempty
36vieuxold
37méchantmean
38inquietworried
39hauthigh
40baslow

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French Relative Pronouns QUI – QUE – OÙ – DONT

What is a relative pronoun?

Relative pronouns are words that are used to link a dependent clause to a main clause. 
A dependent clause is a group of words with a subject and a verb. It does not express a
complete thought so it isn’t a sentence and can’t stand alone. 

Master French Relative Pronouns – Included in my Bundled French Lessons
In English: WHO, WHOM, THAT, WHICH, WHOSE, WHERE or WHEN

Unlike in French, relative pronouns are often optional in English.
For example, in English we can say either “the movie I saw last night” or “the movie that I saw last night”.

QUI

QUI as a question word means WHO. 
As a relative pronoun it can mean WHO or WHAT. 
QUI replaces the subject in the dependent clause.
In these examples QUI means WHO:

Je téléphone à ma mère.Elle est en Louisiane.  Je téléphone à ma mère qui est en Louisiane.
I am calling my mother.She is in Louisiana. I am calling my mother who is in Louisiana.
In these examples QUI means WHAT:

Je vais lire le livre.Il est dans mon sac. Je vais lire le livre qui est dans mon sac.
I am going to read the book.It is in my bag. I am going to read the book that is in my bag.
QUI can also replace an indirect object (a person) after a preposition:

J’appelle une amie. J’étais au lycée avec cette amie.  J’appelle une amie avec qui j’étais au lycée. 
I’m calling a friend. I was in high school with this friend.  I’m calling a friend with whom I was in high school.

It sounds kind of strange when you translate it this way to English, but you can see that it means WITH WHOM. 

QUE

QUE replaces the direct object in a dependent clause. 
Direct objects answer the questions WHO or WHAT?
Many times the relative pronoun QUE will be followed by a subject or subject pronoun. 

Je fais rôtir le poulet. Mon mari l’a acheté.  Je fais rôtir le poulet que mon mari a acheté. 
I am roasting the chicken. My husband bought it.  I am roasting the chicken that my husband bought. 
In the passé composé, QUE replaces a direct object.  You need to make agreement with the past participle in gender and number.

Je prépare les légumes. Mon mari les a achetés. Je prépare les légumes que mon mari a achetés. 
I’m preparing the vegetables. My husband bought them. I’m preparing the vegetables that my husband bought. 
Sometimes you may come across sentences that are put together a little differently:

Les bonbons que mange mon petit frère sont trop sucrés. 

This one is a little difficult to translate into English. It means “The candies that my little brother is eating are too sweet.”

You’ll notice that the verb MANGE in this sentence actually is placed before the subject, mon petit frère.  This is not a very common construction. 

As a relative pronoun, OÙ not only indicates place as its English translation would suggest, but it can also indicate time.
OÙ often means WHERE when used as a relative pronoun.

OÙ means WHERE in this sentence:
La fromagerie OÙ j’ai acheté le camembert est en ville. The cheese shop where I bought the camembert is in town. 
OÙ as a relative pronoun can also refer to time. Be careful! OÙ can be translated to mean WHEN in English. 

When referring to time we want to use the word QUAND because it means WHEN.  However, QUAND is not a relative pronoun, so you can’t use it as if it were. 
C’est le moment où…This is the time when… 

Would you have been tempted to use QUAND instead of OÙ?
Il pleuvait le jour où nous sommes arrivés. It was raining the day when we arrived. 

DONT

DONT replaces people or objects that come after DE. 
This is an example of a person preceded by DE. 

Tu vois cette dame? Je t’ai parlé de cette dame. C’est la dame dont je t’ai parlé. 

Do you see that lady? I spoke to you about that lady. That’s the lady I talked to you about. – That’s the lady of whom I spoke. 
The trickiest part about using DONT isn’t understanding the rules, but  knowing which verbs and expressions are followed by DE. 

J’ai besoin d’un couteau. Le couteau est sur la table. Le couteau dont j’ai besoin est sur la table. 
I need a knife.The knife is on the table.The knife that I need is on the table.

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