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Intermediate French Grammar Review


👇 Jennifer describes this intermediate French grammar review 👇



This thorough intermediate level French review includes:

  • Seven 30 minute review videos covering 600 review questions
  • Grammar questions, answers, and explanations given in English
  • 18 video lessons and 20 printable study guides for grammar topics

Preview LLL’s Intensive Review Course

C’EST vs IL EST

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BON – BIEN – MEILLEUR – MIEUX

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DEPUIS – PENDANT – POUR – IL Y A

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FIRST CONDITIONAL SI CLAUSES

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INDIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS

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DISJUNCTIVE PRONOUNS

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VERB + DE + INFINITIVE

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THE PRONOUN «Y»

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THE PRONOUN «EN»

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SECOND CONDITIONAL SI CLAUSES

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NEGATION

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RELATIVE PRONOUNS QUI – QUE – OÙ

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THE VERB «PRENDRE»

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LE FUTUR SIMPLE

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IMPERFECT VS. PASSE COMPOSE

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PRESENT CONDITIONAL

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REFLEXIVE VERBS – PAST, PRESENT, FUTURE

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DIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS & IRREGULAR VERBS

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IMPERFECT TENSE

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PRONOUNS WITH INFINITIVES

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THE VERB «MANQUER»

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8 Ways to Say “Because” in French



8 Ways to Say because in French

1. Parce que – Because

This is a subordinating conjunctive phrase that answers the question why – pourquoi.   A subordinating conjunction is a word which joins together a dependent clause and an independent clause.  You can begin a sentence with parce que if you wish.  Car is a synonym of parce que, and you may use them interchangeably. 

Parce qu’il était en retard, il n’a pas mangé son petit-déjeuner.
Because he was late, he didn’t eat his breakfast.
Il a lu toute la nuit parce qu’il avait un examen le lendemain. 
He read all night because he had an exam the next day. 

2. Car – Because

This is a coordinating conjunction that answers the question why – pourquoi.  This type of conjunction can join two verbs, two nouns, two adjectives, two phrases, or two independent clauses.  You should not begin a sentence with carParce que is a synonym of car, and you may use them interchangeably. 

Elle ne mange jamais de hamburgers car elle est végétarienne.
She never eats hamburgers because she is vegetarian.
Ils ont fait du stop car leur voiture est tombée en panne. 
They hitchhiked because their car broke down. 

3. Comme – Because, As, Since

In this lesson, we’ll consider comme as a conjunction though it can have many other uses. It is a synonym of puisque and car

Comme sa copine était en retard, il a décidé de commander un coca en attendant. 
As his girlfriend was late, he decided to order a coke while waiting. 
Julie a mis ses lunettes de soleil comme elle avait mal aux yeux. 
Julie put on her sunglasses as her eyes were hurting. 

4. Puisque – Because, Since

Like parce que, this subordinating conjunction can be used to begin a sentence.  

Je ne suis pas allé(e) au cinéma hier soir puisque je n’avais pas d’argent. 
I didn’t go to the movies last night because I didn’t have any money. 
Puisque tu écris si bien, c’est toi qui vas rédiger la lettre. 
Since you write so well, you will write the letter. 

5. À cause de – Because of

À cause de can only be followed by a noun, and it is often used to give negative credit to something.  Remember to follow normal contraction rules when followed by definite articles (de + le = du / de + les = des).

Cette petite fille s’est fait gronder à cause de sa voisine qui bavardait.
This little girl was scolded because her neighbor was chatting.
C’est à cause du trafic important que cette ville est très polluée.
It is because of the heavy traffic that this city is very polluted.

6. Grâce à – Thanks to, Because of

Grâce à is often used to give  positive credit to someone or something.  Remember to follow normal contraction rules when followed by definite articles (à + le = au / à + les = aux).

C’est grâce à son père qu’il a découvert la musique cubaine. 
It is thanks to his father that he discovered Cuban music. 
Son français s’est amélioré grâce aux efforts qu’elle a fait depuis quelques mois.
Her French has improved as a result of her efforts over the past few months.

7. Du fait de – Because, Due to the fact

This is certainly a more formal way of saying because.  You still need to follow normal contraction rules when followed by definite articles (de + le = du / de + les = des).

Du fait de la grave crise économique, le taux de chômage a beaucoup augmenté.  
As a result of the severe economic crisis, the unemployment rate has risen sharply.

8. En raison de – Because of, Due to

Just like du fait, this is a formal way to say because.  

En raison de l’annulation du vol en direction de New York, les passagers devront attendre quelques heures. 
Due to the cancellation of the flight to New York, passengers will have to wait a few hours. 

RELATED POSTS:

👉 French Subordinating Conjunctions List

👉 French Coordinating Conjunctions List





French Coordinating Conjunctions List



French Coordinating Conjunctions List

There are seven coordinating conjunctions in both French and English.  It is important to remember them, as these are the words that are used to join other words or clauses.

LISTEN TO AN AUDIO VERSION OF THIS LESSON

A mnemonic is a tool that helps us remember certain information. I can remember as a child learning the mnemonic FANBOYS to remember coordinating conjunctions in English.

FFOR
AAND
NNOR
BBUT
OOR
YYET
SSO

French kids also learn a mnemonic to help them remember coordinating conjunctions!  Interestingly, Ornicar is now the  name of an asteroid in the main belt discovered on March 24, 1998.  The French astronomer Alain Maury named the asteroid Ornicar in memory of the famous mnemonic formula Mais où est donc Ornicar? used to remember coordinating conjunctions in French.

I’m sure it will help you as well!  The French version is stated as a question:

Mais où est donc Ornicar?

But where could Ornicar be?

MAISBUT
(où – where )
OU
OR
(est – is – être)
ET
AND
DONCSO
ORYET
NINOR
CARFOR (because)

If you’re interested in learning more common French grammar mnemonics, check out this site!


RELATED POSTS:

👉 French Subordinating Conjunctions List

👉 8 Ways to Say BECAUSE in French





French Subordinating Conjunctions List



French Subordinating Conjunctions List

à condition que
subjunctive
on the condition that
à moins que
subjunctive
unless
afin que
subjunctive
so that
au cas où
indicative
in case
aussitôt que
indicative
as soon as
bien que
subjunctive
although
dans la mesure où
indicative
given that
d’autant plus que
indicative
especially given that
de peur que
subjunctive
for fear that
depuis que
indicative
since
dès que
indicative
as soon as
encore que
indicative
although
étant donné que
indicative
given that
jusqu’à ce que
subjunctive
until
lorsque
indicative
when
maintenant que
indicative
now that
malgré que 
subjunctive
despite that
même si
indicative
even if
parce que
indicative
because
pendant que
indicative
while
pour autant que
subjunctive
provided that
pour que
subjunctive
so that
pourvu que
subjunctive
provided that
puisque
indicative
since, because
quand
indicative
when
quand bien même
indicative
even if
quoique
subjunctive
although
si
indicative
if
si bien que
indicative
so much so that
si jamais
indicative
if ever
si tant est que
subjunctive
supposing that
tandis que
indicative
whereas
une fois que
indicative
as soon as
vu que
indicative
seeing that

RELATED POSTS:

👉 LESSON: French Subjunctive

👉 French Coordinating Conjunctions List





10 Mots du Jour – Les mariages – Weddings


Love Learning Languages offers quick French vocabulary lists or 10 Mots du Jour every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. Each set follows a different theme, today the 10 French vocabulary words are about weddings. This is a fantastic way to increase your wedding vocabulary! You get a downloadable list of the words in French and English, and a Quizlet study set to learn, practice, and master them all. Quizlet is a platform for learning vocabulary that’s based on flashcards, but what has really made an impression on me is how fun it makes learning new language content! Click here for details.

Does subscribing to LLL’s French Program for Self-Learners give me access to the 10 Mots du Jour?

No, the 10 Mots du Jour are only available to LLL supporters on Patreon and are not part of LLL French Academy resources.

How do I access previous sets of 10 Mots du Jour?

Once you’ve logged in to your Patreon account, you can do a search using the tag words mot du jour.



French Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns

Direct vs Indirect Object Pronouns

It can be difficult knowing when to use direct and indirect object pronouns in French. The grammar can be very different than in English. The first thing to understand is the difference between a DIRECT OBJECT and an INDIRECT OBJECT, and then you can more easily identify them in a sentence.  


👉 Scroll down to watch my video lesson on this French grammar topic 👈

Direct objects are not preceded by prepositions. They simply answer the questions who or what. They can be people, animals, or things. They can be replaced by direct object pronouns to avoid repetition.

Indirect objects are preceded by à or pour, and they can be people or animals. They can be replaced by indirect object pronouns. They receive the action of the verb. It is important to note that indirect object pronouns cannot replace places or things following the preposition à. For those, you need to use the pronoun Y.

The verb being used is very important when determining whether they are followed by direct or indirect objects. Many times, French verbs need prepositions while the English equivalent does not. Unfortunately, there are no rules to determine when French verbs need to be followed by prepositions. Memorizing lists is essential. Here is a list of common verbs followed by the preposition à when followed by nouns, and another list of common verbs that do not require prepositions.

Falloir, Devoir, Pronouns – Mini French Lesson


SCROLL DOWN TO WATCH A MINI FRENCH LESSON ON DEVOIR, FALLOIR, AND PRONOUNS

TRANSLATE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCE USING THE VERB DEVOIR IN THE PRESENT TENSE:

👉 He has to leave the house now.

You have two options when translating this sentence to French.

👉 Il doit partir de la maison maintenant.

👉 Il doit quitter la maison maintenant.

It is important to notice that the verb partir is followed by a prepositional phrase beginning with de, while the verb quitter is followed by a direct object.

THE NEXT TRANSLATION REQUIRES AN INDIRECT OBJECT PRONOUN:

Translate using the verb falloir and an indirect object pronoun without using the subjunctive: ME – TE – LUI – NOUS – VOUS – LEUR

👉 He has to leave the house now.

You have two options when translating this sentence to French.

👉 Il lui faut partir de la maison maintenant.

👉 Il lui faut quitter la maison maintenant.

Place the pronoun lui before the verb, and notice the subject of the English translation is not the same as the subject in French (which is always il when using the verb falloir). The subject in English corresponds to the indirect object pronoun.

TRANSLATE USING FALLOIR IN THE SUBJUNCTIVE. BEGIN WITH IL FAUT QUE:

👉 He has to leave the house now.

Click here if you’re ready to learn more about the subjunctive!

👉 Il faut qu’il parte de la maison maintenant.

👉 Il faut qu’il quitte la maison maintenant.

Remember that the verb partir is followed by a prepositional phrase beginning with de, while the verb quitter is followed by a direct object. This is very important as we begin to look at using pronouns.

REPLACE THE WORDS IN ITALICS WITH A PRONOUN:

👉 Il doit partir de la maison maintenant.

👉 Il doit quitter la maison maintenant.

ANSWERS:

👉 Il doit en partir maintenant. Use the pronoun en with de + noun.

👉 Il doit la quitter maintenant. La is a direct object pronoun.

REPLACE THE WORDS IN ITALICS WITH A PRONOUN:

👉 Il lui faut partir de la maison maintenant.

👉 Il lui faut quitter la maison maintenant.

ANSWERS:

👉 Il lui faut en partir maintenant.

👉 Il lui faut la quitter maintenant.

REPLACE THE WORDS IN ITALICS WITH A PRONOUN:

👉 Il faut qu’il parte de la maison maintenant.

👉 Il faut qu’il quitte la maison maintenant.

ANSWERS:

👉 Il faut qu’il en parte maintenant.

👉 Il faut qu’il la quitte maintenant.


RELATED POSTS:

👉 LESSON: The verb falloiril faut

👉 LESSON: Subjunctive – Il faut que

👉 LESSON: Devoir

👉 MINI-LESSON: Il faut

👉 LESSON: The pronoun en





10 Mots du Jour – L’internet – The internet


Love Learning Languages offers quick French vocabulary lists or 10 Mots du Jour every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. Each set follows a different theme, today the 10 French vocabulary words are about the internet. This is a fantastic way to increase your internet vocabulary! You get a downloadable list of the words in French and English, and a Quizlet study set to learn, practice, and master them all. Quizlet is a platform for learning vocabulary that’s based on flashcards, but what has really made an impression on me is how fun it makes learning new language content! Click here for details.

Does subscribing to LLL’s French Program for Self-Learners give me access to the 10 Mots du Jour?

No, the 10 Mots du Jour are only available to LLL supporters on Patreon and are not part of LLL French Academy resources.

How do I access previous sets of 10 Mots du Jour?

Once you’ve logged in to your Patreon account, you can do a search using the tag words mot du jour.



10 Mots du Jour – Les corvées – Chores


Love Learning Languages offers quick French vocabulary lists or 10 Mots du Jour every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. Each set follows a different theme, today the 10 French vocabulary words are about chores. This is a fantastic way to increase your chores vocabulary! You get a downloadable list of the words in French and English, and a Quizlet study set to learn, practice, and master them all. Quizlet is a platform for learning vocabulary that’s based on flashcards, but what has really made an impression on me is how fun it makes learning new language content! Click here for details.

Does subscribing to LLL’s French Program for Self-Learners give me access to the 10 Mots du Jour?

No, the 10 Mots du Jour are only available to LLL supporters on Patreon and are not part of LLL French Academy resources.

How do I access previous sets of 10 Mots du Jour?

Once you’ve logged in to your Patreon account, you can do a search using the tag words mot du jour.



Il faut – Mini French Lesson


SCROLL DOWN TO WATCH A MINI FRENCH LESSON ON THE VERB FALLOIR

FALLOIR = TO NEED

The verb falloir can be used in many different ways. Get the comprehensive lesson here. In this mini lesson, we’ll talk about how to express need by using this verb.

You can still use avoir besoin de to mean need, but you’ll sound much more French if you use falloir!

When you use the verb falloir with the indirect object  pronouns ME – TE – LUI – NOUS – VOUS – LEUR you can totally avoid the subjunctive by following them up with an infinitive.  Just remember when translating sentences to English, il will not be the first word you translate. The first translated word will be the pronoun.  English and French are just different that way. Look at the following examples.

👉 Il me faut de la farine.
👉 I need some flour.

👉 Il te faut du lait?
👉 Do you need some milk?

👉 Il lui faut son livre de maths.
👉 He / She needs his / her math book.

👉 Il nous faut des vélos.
👉 We need some bikes.

👉 Il vous faut de l’argent?
👉 Do you need some money?

👉 Il leur faut du travail.
👉 They need work.


RELATED POSTS:

👉 LESSON: The verb falloiril faut

👉 LESSON: Subjunctive – Il faut que





Être, Aller, Avoir, Faire – Mini French Lesson


SCROLL DOWN TO WATCH A MINI FRENCH LESSON ON ETRE, ALLER, AVOIR, AND FAIRE

Fill in the blanks with the correct form of être, aller, avoir, or faire. (click the link for conjugation charts with pronunciation)

👉 J(e) __________ mal à la tête.

👉 My head hurts.

👉 J’ai mal à la tête. (avoir)


👉 Je __________ souvent du vélo.

👉 I often ride bikes.

👉 Je fais souvent du vélo. (faire)


👉 Nous __________ à l’école depuis 8h00.

👉 We have been at school since 8:00.

👉 Nous sommes à l’école depuis 8h00 (être)


👉 Nous __________ faire les courses.

👉 We are going to do the shopping.

👉 Nous allons faire les courses. (aller)


👉 Où __________ ton vélo?

👉 Where is your bike?

👉 Où est ton vélo? (être)


👉 Où est-ce que tu __________ du vélo?

👉 Where do you ride bikes?

👉 Où est-ce que tu fais du vélo? (faire)


👉 Les élèves __________ beaucoup de devoirs.

👉 The students do a lot of homework.

👉 Les élèves font beaucoup de devoirs. (faire)


👉 Les élèves __________ avoir beaucoup de devoirs.

👉 The students are going to have a lot of homework.

👉 Les élèves vont avoir beaucoup de devoirs. (aller)


👉 Tu __________ une bonne danseuse.

👉 You are a good dancer.

👉 Tu es une bonne danseuse. (être)


👉 Tu __________ de la danse?

👉 Do you dance?

👉 Tu fais de la danse? (faire)


👉 Vous __________ de France?

👉 Are you from France?

👉 Vous êtes de France? (être)


👉 Vous __________ voyager en France?

👉 Are you going to travel to France?

👉 Vous allez voyager en France? (aller)


👉 Qui __________ une voiture rouge?

👉 Who has a red car?

👉 Qui a une voiture rouge? (avoir)


👉 Qui __________ ses devoirs dans le salon?

👉 Who is doing his / her homework in the living room?

👉 Qui fait ses devoirs dans le salon? (faire)


👉 Ils __________ dans leurs chambres.

👉 They are in their rooms.

👉 Ils sont dans leurs chambres. (être)

👉 They are going to their rooms.

👉 Ils vont dans leurs chambres. (aller)


👉 Elle __________ professeur de chinois.

👉 She is a Chinese teacher.

👉 Elle est professeur de chinois. (être)


👉 Elle __________ du chinois.

👉 She takes Chinese.

👉 Elle fait du chinois. (faire)


👉 J(e) __________ peur des serpents.

👉 I’m afraid of snakes.

👉 J’ai peur des serpents. (avoir)


👉 Je __________ voir les serpents.

👉 I am going to see the snakes.

👉 Je vais voir les serpents. (aller)


RELATED POSTS:

👉 Être – Aller – Avoir – Faire: Downloadable Conjugation Charts and Pronunciation





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