Le Futur Simple – French Future Tense

Are you ready to learn a new way to speak about the future? Have you been using the futur proche all the time? Are you ready to up your game in the way you speak French? You’ll see the futur simple is very useful, and it’s not hard to form. Have a look at my comprehensive video lesson at the bottom of this page. I will teach you how to use this tense with regular and irregular verbs, and you’ll have loads of resources to help you practice and master your new skill!

Common verbs that have irregular future stems

infinitivestemfuturetranslation
allerir-j’iraiI will go
avoiraur-j’auraiI will have
courircourr-je courraiI will run
devoirdevr-je devraiI will have to
envoyerenverr-j’enverraiI will send
êtreser-je seraiI will be
fairefer-je feraiI will do / I will make
falloirfaudr-il faudraIt will be necessary
mourirmourr-je mourraiI will die
obtenirobtiendr-j’obtiendraiI will obtain
pleuvoirpleuvr-il pleuvraIt will rain
pouvoirpourr-je pourraiI will be able to
recevoirrecevr-je recevraiI will receive
savoirsaur-je sauraiI will know
tenirtiendr-je tiendraiI will hold
venirviendr-je viendraiI will come
voirverr-je verraiI will see
vouloirvoudr-je voudraiI will want

FUTUR SIMPLE COURSE & PRACTICE RESOURCES

STEP 1: Download your 6 page study guide and be ready to take notes and write sentences in the futur simple.

STEP 2: Watch my video tutorial.

STEP 3: Worksheet #1 – Futur proche vs Futur simple

STEP 4: Worksheet #2 – Complete sentences by filling in the blanks with verbs in the futur simple.

STEP 5: Practice, practice, practice using your set of 40 conjugation cards. You’ll see the futur simple in action with 40 new examples. Regular and irregular verbs are included for lots of exposure.

STEP 6: Have a little fun while learning the futur simple with 5 crossword puzzles.

STEP 7: Once you complete this set of 50 sudoku puzzles, you’ll definitely be a pro! There are so many different versions. You’ll be able to print new ones anytime you’d like a fun review.

STEP 8: See the futur simple in action with 10 different page long mini-dialogues. It’s always a great idea to see how your new skill can be used in different contexts. Try reading them aloud to practice oral production! Here’s a list of the fun themes used in the dialogues:

La météo
Le cinéma
Au restaurant
Chez le médecin
L’automne
L’environnement
La montagne
La plage
Les vacances
Les tâches ménagères

STEP 9: You have 60 half-page worksheets to practice using 60 different verbs in the futur simple. Regular and irregular verbs are included. You write the conjugation as well as your own sentence using the verb. Use at least 7 words!

STEP 10: You’ll get a link to a Quizlet study set that you can use online anytime to practice forming the futur simple with fun games and tests to evaluate your progress.


Level A1 – 20 French Dictées

“Dictation is the transcription of spoken text: one person who is “dictating” speaks and another who is “taking dictation” writes down the words as they are spoken. Among speakers of several languages, dictation is used as a test of language skill, similar to spelling bees in the English-speaking world.”

You can watch the first of twenty French beginner level dictation exercises in the video at the bottom of this post. Click on the button below for a free transcript, translation, and audio version of “Dans la rue”.

➯ Video presentation of the dictée. Watch me and listen as I read each sentence two times slowly enough to understand and write at the same time. Many non-natives find it makes the listening comprehension part of dictation exercises more manageable to see the speaker’s mouth. Once I’ve finished reading the dictation, I will present each written sentence in French along with the English translation. Once we’ve gone through all of the sentences and you have checked your work, I will present the complete text in paragraph form on the screen. At that time, we can slowly read through the complete text together so they can see how the separate sentences actually form a short story.

➯ Audio presentation of the dictée.. Listen as I read each sentence two times slowly enough to understand and write at the same time. This version of the exercise will be more challenging as you will not see the speaker’s mouth.

➯ PDF of the numbered sentences in the dictée and the English translation.

➯ Numbered response sheet. This is located on page 2 of the PDF.


The following dictées are included in my money saving FRENCH PROGRAM FOR SELF-LEARNERS.


All of the included themes are also available for individual purchase:

French Listening Comprehension for Beginners

Have you learned all or most of the French grammar you see on the list below? Do you find it easier to read and write than to speak and understand when being spoken to? Listening comprehension takes a ton of practice. Watch Jennifer’s first lesson on listening comprehension for beginners in the video below. This is the French course for you if you have studied a lot of basic grammar, and you need to practice putting it all together. Maybe you have some knowledge of French grammar, but you have difficulty creating solid sentences. In this course you will learn a lot about all of those “extra” words that pop up everywhere in French (and why they’re there).

This is an upper beginner level French listening comprehension course. Ten lessons are included for a total of 2.5 + hours of video instruction. Each comprehensive lesson includes French grammar unique to the A1 level (see grammar specifics below).

This lesson is included in my BUNDLED FRENCH LESSONS.

Each lesson covers a different theme, but the grammar used is repeated in different contexts lesson to lesson all the while adding new elements from the list.

In each lesson:

  • Jennifer does a first reading of the text on video
  • Jennifer asks 5 comprehension questions and you begin to answer
  • Jennifer does a second reading of the text on video
  • Jennifer shows you the 5 comprehension questions in written form and you finish answering
  • Jennifer goes over all 5 questions and answers with you
  • Jennifer leads you through a comprehensive grammatical analysis of the text

Each video lesson lasts approximately fifteen minutes. PDFs of the texts in French with English translations as well as the 5 listening comprehension questions are provided for you to print out and perhaps take notes on as you take each lesson.

This French listening comprehension course for beginners covers the grammar on the list below:

  • French subject pronouns
  • Stressed pronouns
  • Articles: Definite, indefinite and partitives
  • Plural nouns
  • Possessive adjectives
  • Prepositions of location
  • Numbers
  • Time, days, months
  • French verb ALLER
  • French verb ÊTRE
  • French verb AVOIR + expressions
  • French verb FAIRE + expressions
  • French verb PRENDRE
  • French verb METTRE
  • Descriptive adjectives
  • Questions
  • Il faut / Il ne faut pas
  • Themed vocabulary

There is a lot included in the lessons that isn’t on this list. Don’t worry, these are new things you will learn during our time together. Have a look at the first lesson in the following video.

Common French Reflexive Verbs

Watch my video lesson on how to use French reflexive verbs in the present and passé composé tenses. Download your 10 page support guide to this lesson on Patreon. Here’s a list of 32 of the most common reflexive verbs, their past participles, and their translations in English.

Click here for a list of French Daily Routine Vocabulary

French Passé Composé with Être – List of Verbs

The Passé Composé with Être

The passé composé of certain French verbs uses the present tense form of être as helping verb. You need to add the past participle of the verb you want to use in the past tense. Do not confuse verbs that use être with action verbs. Many action verbs use avoir as helping verb.  Most of these verbs express a change of place, state, or condition.


👉 Scroll down to watch my video lesson on this French grammar topic 👈

List of the most common 17 verbs that use être as auxiliary verb.

CONJUGATION OF HELPING VERB ÊTRE:

JE SUISNOUS SOMMES
TU ESVOUS ÊTES
IL – ELLE – ON ESTILS – ELLES SONT

Download your support guide to this lesson.

French Dictée – A1 Level – Le Voyage

Listen to the dictée while watching the video below. Download your free support guide which indicates all of the grammar topics included as well as the correction and English translation @LLL French Academy.

THEMELE VOYAGE
LEVELA1 – BEGINNER
LENGTH40 – 60 WORDS: This is the length of the written part of the A1 DELF EXAM
INSTRUCTIONSWrite exactly what you hear in the dictée.  I will read each sentence twice. 

Pause the video if you need more time to write. Keep in mind that in French many words seem to run together and sound like just one word. 

Useful vocabulary:
point = period; full stop
virgule = comma
point d’exclamation = exclamation mark
point d’interrogation = question mark
GRAMMARGrammar covered in this dictée:

Regular French verbs ending in ER, IR, and RE
Reflexive verbs – Present tense
Futur proche
Passé composé with avoir
Imperfect tense
Direct object pronouns
Indirect object pronouns

French Descriptive Adjectives

Descriptive Adjectives

There are two main factors to consider when using adjectives in French, and they are very different to the way we use adjectives in English. Scroll all the way down if you just want a quick list of 40 very easy to use French adjectives.

French adjectives must agree in number and in gender with the person, place or thing that they are describing. 
Most of the time you must place the adjective AFTER the noun it is describing.  
The final consonant in masculine adjectives is usually silent and usually pronounced in feminine ones.

Master French descriptive adjectives – Included in my Bundled French Lessons for Self-Learners

Agreement of French adjectives

Most of the time you add an E to a masculine adjective to make it feminine, and you add an S to make it plural.  Exceptions follow.

masculine

singular
masculine

plural
feminine

singular
feminine

plural
bleu


blue
bleu

C’est un
stylo bleu.
bleus

Ce sont des
stylos bleus.
bleue

C’est une voiture bleue.
bleues

Ce sont des voitures bleues.
amusant

funny / fun
amusant

C’est un garçon amusant.
amusants
Ce sont des garçons
amusants.
amusante

C’est une fille amusante.
amusantes

Ce sont des
filles amusantes.
salé

salty
salé
C’est un plat salé.
salés
Ce sont des plats salés.
salée
C’est une
tarte salée.
salées
Ce sont des
tartes salées.

Sometimes the masculine form of the adjective already ends in E.  When this is the case there is no difference in the masculine and feminine forms.

adjectivemasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
timide
shy
timide
C’est un garçon timide.
timides
Ce sont des garçons timides.
timide
C’est une fille timide.
timides
Ce sont des filles timides.

Other common regular French adjectives

English meaningmasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
warmchaudchaudschaudechaudes
shortcourtcourtscourtecourtes
rightdroitdroitsdroitedroites
strongfortfortsfortefortes
coldfroidfroidsfroidefroides
graygrisgrisgrisegrises
highhauthautshautehautes
uglylaidlaidslaidelaides
heavylourdlourdslourdelourdes
evilmauvaismauvaismauvaisemauvaises
perfectparfaitparfaitsparfaiteparfaites
smallpetitpetitspetitepetites
deafsourdsourdssourdesourdes
amusingamusantamusantsamusanteamusantes
contentcontentcontentscontentecontentes
biggrandgrandsgrandegrandes
intelligentintelligentintelligentsintelligenteintelligentes
interestingintéressantintéressantsintéressanteintéressantes
meanméchantméchantsméchanteméchantes
slowlentlentslentelentes
fullpleinpleinspleinepleines
nextprochainprochainsprochaineprochaines
powerfulpuissantpuissantspuissantepuissantes
bluebleubleusbleuebleues
clearclairclairsclaireclaires
complicatedcompliquécompliquéscompliquéecompliquées
sorrydésolédésolésdésoléedésolées
harddurdursduredures
equalégalégalségaleégales
tiredfatiguéfatiguésfatiguéefatiguées
happygaigaisgaiegaies
prettyjolijolisjoliejolies
blacknoirnoirsnoirenoires
politepolipolispoliepolies
suresûrsûrssûresûres

Some French adjectives come before the noun they describe:  BAGS = Beauty, Age, Goodness, Size

When an adjective falls into the BAGS category you need to put it in front of the nouns that it describes.

BeautybeauC’est un beau chien.That’s a beautiful dog.
AgevieuxC’est un vieux monsieur.He’s an old man.
Good or BadbonC’est un bon gâteau.This is a good cake.
SizegrandC’est un grand garçon.He’s a tall boy.

Other common French adjectives that are placed before the noun

English meaningmasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
youngjeunejeunesjeunejeunes
little, small, shortpetitpetitspetitepetites
badmauvaismauvaismauvaisemauvaises
bestmeilleurmeilleursmeilleuremeilleures
false, fakefauxfauxfaussefausses
big, fatgrosgrosgrossegrosses
highhauthautshautehautes
prettyjolijolisjoliejolies
newnouveaunouveauxnouvellenouvelles

Sometimes the masculine form of the adjective ends in S or X.  When this is the case there is no difference in the masculine singular and plural forms.

The following example uses an adjective that falls into the BAGS category, so it is placed before the noun that it describes. 

Note that when the adjective comes BEFORE the noun, DES must change to DE.  This is an exception in the French language.

adjectivemasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
gros
big
gros
C’est un gros chien.
gros
Ce sont de gros chiens.
grosse
C’est une grosse voiture.
grosses
Ce sont de grosses voitures.

Irregular adjectives

Most adjectives are formed as you see in the examples above.  However, many French adjectives are irregular.

Adjectives that end in a VOWEL + L

Make the adjective feminine by doubling the L and adding an E.

adjectivemasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
personnel
personal
personnel
C’est un problème personnel.
personnels
Ce sont des problèmes personnels.
personnelle
C’est une histoire personnelle.
personnelles
Ce sont des histoires personnelles.
cruel
cruel
cruel
Ce professeur est cruel.
cruels
Ces gens sont cruels.
cruelle
C’est une femme cruelle.
cruelles
Ce sont des femmes cruelles.

Adjectives that end in a VOWEL + N

Make the adjective feminine by doubling the N and adding an E.  The adjective in the following example falls into the BAGS category.

adjectivemasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
bon
good
bon
C’est un bon restaurant.
bons
Ce sont de bons restaurants.
bonne
C’est une bonne idée.
bonnes
Ce sont de bonnes idées.

Other common French adjectives that end in a VOWEL + N

English meaningmasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
ancient, oldancienanciensancienneanciennes
Christianchrétienchrétienschrétiennechrétiennes
Europeaneuropéeneuropéenseuropéenneeuropéenne
Italianitalienitaliensitalienneitaliennes
middlemoyenmoyensmoyennemoyennes
Parisianparisienparisiensparisienneparisiennes
ruralpaysanpaysanspaysannepaysannes

Adjectives that end in ER or ET

Make these adjectives feminine by adding an ACCENT GRAVE.

Make the adjective feminine by doubling the L and adding an E.

adjectivemasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
léger
light
léger
C’est un repas léger.
légers
Ce sont des repas légers.
légère
C’est une table légère.
légères
Ce sont des tables légères.
complet
full
complet
Le bus est complet.
complets
Les bus sont complets.
complète
La liste est complète.
complètes
Les listes sont complètes.

Other common French adjectives that end in ER

English meaningmasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
bitterameramersamèreamères
expensive, dearchercherschèrechères
lastdernierderniersdernièredernières
entire, wholeentierentiersentièreentières
foreignétrangerétrangersétrangèreétrangères
proudfierfiersfièrefières
firstpremierpremierspremièrepremières

Other common French adjectives that end in ET

English meaningmasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
concreteconcretconcretsconcrèteconcrètes
discreetdiscretdiscretsdiscrètediscrètes
uneasy, worriedinquietinquietsinquièteinquiètes
secretsecretsecretssecrètesecrètes

Adjectives that end in C

Make the adjective feminine by adding HE to the end

adjectivemasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
franc
frank / honest
franc
C’est un homme très franc.
francs
Ce sont des hommes très francs.
franche
C’est une femme très franche.
franches
Ce sont des femmes très franches.

Other common French adjectives that end in C

English meaningmasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
whiteblancblancsblancheblanches
drysecsecssèchesèches

Adjectives that end in EUR

Make the adjective feminine by taking off the R and adding SE.  The following adjective falls into the BAGS category.

adjectivemasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
meilleur
best
meilleur
C’est mon meilleur ami.
meilleurs
Ce sont mes meilleurs amis.
meilleure
C’est ma meilleure amie.
meilleures
Ce sont mes meilleures amies.

Other common French adjectives that end in EUR and that follow this pattern

English meaningmasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
anteriorantérieurantérieursantérieureantérieures
posteriorpostérieurpostérieurspostérieurepostérieures
exteriorextérieurextérieursextérieureextérieures
interiorintérieurintérieursintérieureintérieures
inferiorinférieurinférieursinférieureinférieures
superiorsupérieursupérieurssupérieuresupérieures
majormajeurmajeursmajeuremajeures
minormineurmineursmineuremineures
bestmeilleurmeilleursmeilleuremeilleures

Adjectives that end in TEUR

Make the adjective feminine by taking off the EUR and adding RICE

adjectivemasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
conservateur
conservative
conservateur
C’est un parti politique conservateur.
conservateurs
Ce sont des partis politiques conservateurs.
conservatrice
C’est une femme politique conservatrice.
conservatrices
Ce sont des femmes politiques conservatrices.

Other common French adjectives that end in TEUR 

English meaningmasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
actingacteuracteursactriceactrices
creativecréateurcréateurscréatricecréatrices
protectiveprotecteurprotecteursprotectriceprotectrices

Adjectives that end in EUX

Make the adjective feminine by taking off the X and adding SE.  Note that the masculine singular and plural forms are the same.

adjectivemasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
heureux
happy
heureux
Il est heureux.
heureux
Ils sont heureux.
heureuse
Elle est heureuse.
heureuses
Elles sont heureuses.

Other common French adjectives that end in EUX

English meaningmasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
in loveamoureuxamoureuxamoureuseamoureuses
courageouscourageuxcourageuxcourageusecourageuses
curiouscurieuxcurieuxcurieusecurieuses
boringennuyeuxennuyeuxennuyeuseennuyeuses
furiousfurieuxfurieuxfurieusefurieuses
jealousjalouxjalouxjalousejalouses
marvelousmerveilleuxmerveilleuxmerveilleusemerveilleuses
fearfulpeureuxpeureuxpeureusepeureuses
serioussérieuxsérieuxsérieusesérieuses

Adjectives that end in F

Make the adjective feminine by taking off the F and adding VE.

adjectivemasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
actif
active
actif
C’est un enfant actif.
actifs
Ce sont des enfants actifs.
active
C’est une petite fille active.
actives
Ce sont de petites filles actives.

Other common French adjectives that end in F

adjectivemasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
active



briefbrefbrefsbrèvebrèves
destructivedéstructifdéstructifsdéstructivedéstructives
newneufneufsneuveneuves
alive, brightvifvifsvivevives

Irregular plural adjectives

When an adjective ends in AL in the masculine form you must change the AL to AUX in the masculine plural.  Note that the feminine singular and plural forms follow the normal rules.

Make the adjective feminine by doubling the L and adding an E.

adjectivemasculine singularmasculine pluralfeminine singularfeminine plural
génial
great / fantastic
génial
Mon fils est génial.
géniaux
Mes enfants sont géniaux.
géniale
Ma fille est géniale.
géniales
Mes filles sont géniales.

Very irregular adjective forms


NEWOLDCRAZYBEAUTIFULSOFT
masculine singularnouveau
C’est un nouveau film.
vieux
C’est un vieux monsieur.
fou
Ce garçon est fou.
beau
C’est un beau gâteau.
mou
Le concombre est mou.
masculine singular before a VOWEL or Hnouvel
C’est mon nouvel appartement.
vieil
C’est un vieil homme.
fol
C’est un fol espoir.
bel
C’est un bel hôtel.
mol
C’est un mol avocat.
masculine pluralnouveaux
Ce sont de nouveaux pantalons.
vieux
Ce sont de vieux vêtements.
fous
Ils sont tous fous.
beaux
Les monuments sont beaux.
mous
Les légumes sont mous.
feminine singularnouvelle
C’est une nouvelle élève.
vieille
C’est une vieille voiture.
folle
C’est une folle aventure.
belle
C’est une belle femme.
molle
Cette orange est molle.
feminine pluralnouvelles
Ce sont de nouvelles chaussures.
vieilles
Ce sont de vieilles maisons.
folles
Ce sont de folles aventures.
belles
Ce sont de belles jeunes filles.
molles
Ces pommes sont molles.

40 easy to use French descriptive adjectives:

1bongood
2mauvaisbad
3jolipretty
4gentilnice
5fortstrong
6drôlefunny
7bizarreodd
8effrayéscared
9fâchéangry
10cherexpensive
11courageuxbrave
12désorientéconfused
13difficiledifficult
14facileeasy
15épuiséexhausted
16fatiguétired
17gravetotally (slang)
18grosfat; heavy
19impossibleimpossible
20justefair
21librefree; available
22meilleurbetter
23mocheugly
24navrésorry
25pareilthe same
26pauvrepoor
27presséin a hurry
28prêtready
29ravidelighted
30simpleuncomplicated
31sympanice
32tranquillecalm
33travailleurhardworking
34tristesad
35videempty
36vieuxold
37méchantmean
38inquietworried
39hauthigh
40baslow

French Verb Falloir – Il faut


FALLOIR – IL FAUT –  PRESENT TENSE LESSON

👉 Watch my video lesson on the French verb FALLOIR. 

👉 Take the quiz  at the end of the lesson to see how you can avoid using the subjunctive.

The verb falloir is an impersonal verb.  You can only use it in the il form.  In this lesson we will focus on the present tense, but you can use this verb in many other tenses.  

Master the French verb FALLOIR – Included in my French Program for Self-Learners

Examples from the lesson:

👉 Il faut un passeport pour voyager à l’étranger.

IL FAUT + NOUN

You need a passport to travel abroad.  

👉 Il faut manger pour vivre et non vivre pour manger.

IL FAUT + INFINITIVE

You must eat to live and not live to eat. 

👉 Il faut commencer maintenant.

We need to start now.

FALLOIR = AVOIR BESOIN DE

You can still use the verbs devoir and avoir besoin de to mean must or need, but you’ll sound much more French if you use falloir!

When you use the verb falloir with the indirect object  pronouns ME – TE – LUI – NOUS – VOUS – LEUR you can totally avoid the subjunctive by following them up with an infinitive.  Just remember when translating sentences to English, il will not be the first word you translate. The first translated word will be the pronoun.  English and French are just different that way. Look at the following examples.

👉 Il me faut un nouvel appartement.
👉 I need a new apartment.

👉 Il te faut des oeufs?
👉 Do you need eggs?

👉 Il lui faut son maillot de bain.
👉 He / She needs his / her swimsuit.

👉 Il lui faut ses baskets.
👉 He / She needs his / her sports shoes.

👉 Il nous faut une grande voiture.
👉 We need a big car.

👉 Il vous faut trois euros.
👉 You need three euros.

👉 Il leur faut du travail.
👉 They need work.

GET YOUR FALLOIR LESSON GUIDE ON PATREON

French Subjunctive Mood

French subjunctive lesson

Watch my video lesson on the French subjunctive. 

Take the quiz  at the end of the video. See the exercise at the bottom of this page, and I’ll tell you the answers during the video.

The subjunctive is rumored to be the most difficult thing in French, but it’s not true. Watch the video lesson and follow along reading the text below the video link. I will not teach every exception in this lesson.  Let’s keep it simple for now. 

When and why do we use the subjunctive in French?

How do you form the subjunctive?

Examples using the subjunctive in meaningful context.

French Subjunctive

  • The present French subjunctive refers to actions in the present or future.
  • Use the subjunctive when the sentence contains a dependent and a main clause.
  • The dependent and main clauses are connected by the word QUE.
  • One of the clauses will demonstrate a WEIRDO condition.
  • If what follows QUE is subjective in nature,  you must use the subjunctive. 

Master the French Present Subjunctive

WEIRDO VERBS 

WWishing / wanting
EEmotion
IImpersonal expressions
RRequest / require / recommend
DDoubt / demand / deny
OOpinions

What do sentences with a main and dependent clause connected by QUE look like?  Here are some examples.

Wishing / Wanting
Je voudrais que tu finisses tes devoirs.
Je voudrais means I would like, so it demonstrates wanting. 
The Je voudrais and the tu finisses tes devoirs are connected by QUE
Just because I want THAT you finish your homework doesn’t mean you’re actually going to do it.
Emotions
Je suis triste qu’elle ne vienne pas.
Je suis triste means I am sad, so it demonstrates an emotion.
The Je suis triste and the elle ne vienne pas are connected by QUE
I am sad THAT she’s not coming.
So why use the subjunctive here?  There’s not really a doubt associated with she’s not coming,  but anytime you’re dealing with emotion you do have to use the subjunctive.
Impersonal expressions
Il est important que nous répondions à toutes les questions.
Il est important means It is important, so that’s an impersonal expression. 
The Il est important and the nous répondions à toutes les questions are connected by QUE.
It is important THAT we respond to all of the questions, but just because it’s important doesn’t necessarily mean it’s going to happen.  Right?
Requests / Requirements / Recommendations
Je suggère que vous arriviez un peu en avance.
Je suggère means I suggest, so that’s a recommendation.
Je suggère and the vous arriviez un peu en avance are joined by QUE.
Just because I suggest THAT you arrive a little early doesn’t mean it’s going to happen.
Demands / doubts / denying
Il faut que je mette la table.
Il faut means It is necessary, so that’s a demand. 
You can easily use Il faut followed by an infinitive and avoid the subjunctive altogether, but many times you’ll want to say Il faut que followed by another clause that begins with a subject.
In this example the Il faut and the je mette la table are joined by QUE
Just because It is necessary THAT I set the table doesn’t mean I’ll do it.
Opinions
Je ne crois pas que ce soit une bonne idée.
Je ne crois pas means I don’t believe, so that demonstrates an Opinion.
The Je ne crois pas and the ce soit une bonne idée  are connected by QUE.
Just because I don’t believe THAT it is a good idea doesn’t necessarily mean that it’s not.

How to Form the Present French Subjunctive

Before doing some exercises together I will show you how to form the subjunctive. There are just a few irregular verbs to learn.  As you may have guessed, the irregular verbs are the ones we use all the time.

How to form the stem / radical

  • The stem is what you’ll add the subjunctive endings to.
  • Take the -ENT off of the 3rd person plural form of the present tense verb
Il faut It is necessary
quethat
It is necessary THAT we write a letter.Il faut que nous écrivions une lettre.
That we write a letterThis part of the sentence needs the subjunctive.  Why?  Remember, just because it’s necessary doesn’t mean we’re going to do it. 

The verb «ÉCRIRE»:  Present subjunctive

How do you form the stem / radical?3rd person plural (indicative):Ils écrivent

Take the -ENT off of the 3rd person plural form of the verb.

Écriv-  This is your stem

Now add the subjunctive endings.
What are the subjunctive endings?This is the present subjunctive of the verb écrire.  The endings are in bold print:

que j’écrive

que tu écrives

qu’il écrive / qu’elle écrive / qu’on écrive

que nous écrivions

que vous écriviez

qu’ils écrivent

qu’elles écrivent

Stem-Changing Verbs in the French Subjunctive

  • Verbs that are stem changing in the present indicative are the same in the subjunctive.
  • Keep the same stem in the je, tu, il / elle / on, and ils / elles forms.
  • Only the nous and vous forms that will be different, and the same is true in the regular present tense.
  • We will look at only 4 stem changing verbs, but know that the same rule applies to other verbs in the same category.

Boire

Form the stem the regular way:  ils boivent, take off the -ent, and it becomes boiv- Only nous and vous will have a different stem.
que je boiveque nous buvions
que tu boivesque vous buviez
qu’il boive / qu’elle boive / qu’on boivequ’ils boivent / qu’elles boivent

Envoyer

Form the stem the regular way:  Nous and vous have an irregular stem; take the -ent off of the 3rd person plural form and you have the stem envoie-
que j’envoieque nous envoyions
que tu envoiesque vous envoyiez
qu’il envoie / qu’elle envoie / qu’on envoiequ’ils envoient / qu’elles envoient

Prendre

Nous and vous have an irregular stem; take the -ent off of the 3rd person plural form and you have the stem prenn-
que je prenneque nous prenions
que tu prennesque vous preniez
qu’il prenne / qu’elle prenne / qu’on prennequ’ils prennent / qu’elles prennent

Venir

Nous and vous have an irregular stem; take the -ent off of the 3rd person plural form and you have the stem vienn-
que je vienneque nous venions
que tu viennesque vous veniez
qu’il vienne / qu’elle vienne / qu’on viennequ’ils viennent / qu’elles viennent

Verbs with irregular stems (and regular endings) 

Verbs with one stem  

faire (fass-)   pouvoir  (puiss-)  savoir (sach-)
Que je fasseQue je puisseQue je sache
Que tu fassesQue tu puissesQue tu saches
Qu’il fasseQu’il puisseQu’on sache
Que nous fassionsQue nous puissionsQue nous sachions
Que vous fassiezQue vous puissiezQue vous sachiez
Qu’ils fassentQu’ils puissentQu’ils sachent

Verbs with two stems

Aller (aill- / all-)Vouloir (veuill- / voul-)
Que j’ailleQue nous allionsQue je veuilleQue nous voulions
Que tu aillesQue vous alliezQue tu veuillesQue vous vouliez
Qu’il ailleQu’ils aillentQu’il veuilleQu’ils veuillent

Verbs with irregular stems and irregular endings

avoirêtre
Que j’aieQue nous ayonsQue je soisQue nous soyons
Que tu aiesQue vous ayezQue tu soisQue vous soyez
Qu’il aitQu’ils aientQu’il soitQu’ils soient

Exercise to practice the French subjunctive

  • See the written questions here, and I’ll tell you the answer in the video around the 29 minute mark.  
  • In the first exercise put all verbs in the present subjunctive.
  • In the second exercise you will need to decide between the subjunctive and the indicative. 

Exercise 1

1Il faut que tu _____ (faire) tes devoirs.
2Je veux qu’il _____ (partir) ce soir.
3Je regrette que vous _____ (être) en retard.
4Elle est très heureuse que nous _____ (prendre) le train.
5 Il faut que vous _____ (dire) la vérité.
6Je ne pense pas qu’il _____ (avoir) raison.
7Je voudrais que tu _____ (apprendre) le russe.
8Vous ne croyez pas qu’il ____ (vouloir) nous voir?
9Je ne crois pas qu’ils se _____ (connaître).
10Il faut que vous _____ (pouvoir) le comprendre.

Exercise 2

1Je regrette que tu ne ____ pas venir avec nous à la campagne ce week-end.a.  peux        b. pouvais     c. puisses d.  pourras
2Il est sûr que tu ____ le français plus vite en pratiquant tous les jours.a.  apprendras   b. apprennes    c. appris d. apprenais
3Il faut que vous ____ plus d’exercice physique.a.  fassiez     b. faites   c. ferez d.  faisiez
4Nous sommes heureux que vous _____ à notre mariage.a.  veniez     b. viendrez      c. viendriez d.  venez
5Il n’est pas certain que ce projet _____ une excellente opportunité pour nous.a.  était     b. sera   c. est d.  soit





6Je veux que mon fils _____ plus soin de ses affaires.

a.  prenne     b. prend   c. prendra   d. prenait




7Le professeur exige que son élève ____ à l’examen.

a.  réussit    b. réussisse    c. réussira    d.  réussissait

8Il ne me semble pas que tu ____ ta leçon par coeur.  Tu dois encore réviser.

a.  savais    b. sais   c. saches d.  sauras

9Elle espère que tu _____ plus performant si tu acceptes de suivre cette formation.

a.  sois    b. étais    c. seras d.  as été

10Je ne pense pas qu’il ____ tort.

a.  avait     b. a c.  ait d. aura

French Possessive Pronouns

French possessive pronouns are used to replace nouns so that you can indicate to whom or to what those nouns belong. Watch my video lesson below or click here to see it on YouTube.

‼ Possessive pronouns agree with nouns in number and gender.

‼ Possessive pronouns are always preceded by definite articles:  LE – LA – LES

‼ Possessive pronouns agree with nouns in number and gender.

‼ Possessive pronouns replace nouns preceded by possessive adjectives.

CAREFUL: MAKE AGREEMENT WITH THE NOUN IN QUESTION AND NOT THE SUBJECT OF THE SENTENCE!  

‼ Plural possessive pronouns only have three forms. 
‼ Use the NOUS form with the subject pronoun ON

‼ When à and de come before le and les, you have to form contractions:  AU or AUX and DU or DES

Mini-Course on Possessive Pronouns – Included in my Bundled French Lessons

Patreon tier 1 – Lesson guide
Patreon tier 2 – 4 matching activities
Patreon tier 3 – 4 quizzes
Patreon tier 4 – 60 practice cards

Join our mailing list!

Hear about what's new at the LLL French Academy, and receive updates on new blog posts and other learning resources that you're going to love!