French Subject Pronouns

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French Subject Pronouns


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JeJe = I
Exception: Jennifer and I = Jennifer et moi
Je parle français.I speak French.
TuTu = informal you.
Use it with people you know well = family, good friends, children
Tu es gentille.You are nice (to a girl you know well).
Il Il = he

Il also means it when referring to masculine & singular nouns.
Jean aime la pizza.
Il aime la pizza.

Le stylo est sur la table.
Il est sur la table.
Jean likes pizza.
He likes pizza.

The pen is on the table.
It is on the table.
ElleElle = she 

Elle also means it when referring to feminine & singular nouns.
Jennifer va faire du shopping.
Elle va faire du shopping.

La bougie est sur la table.
Elle est sur la table. 
Jennifer is going to go shopping.
She is going to go shopping.

The candle is on the table.
It is on the table. 
OnOn can have several meanings. 

Verbs conjugated using on will always be 3rd person singular, like il and elle
On

Si on a faim, on mange.
On can mean one.

If one is hungry, one eats.
On

On y va!

On a soif.
On can mean we.

Let’s go!

We are thirsty.
On

On dit de ne pas sortir la tête mouillée.
On can mean they.

They say not to go outside with a wet head.
NousNous = we
Nous allons à la plage.We are going to the beach.
VousVous = formal and singular you.

Use vous to show respect to people you don’t know, elders, or in
formal settings.
Vous êtes gentille.You are nice (to a woman you don’t know).
VousVous = plural you

Use vous when talking to more than one person,
even if the people are friends, family or children.
Vous êtes fous!You are crazy!  (to a group)
IlsIls = they

Use ils when referring to an all masculine group or to a mixed group. 

Ils can also refer to a group of masculine things.
John et Jason vont faire du shopping.
Ils vont faire du shopping.

Les stylos sont sur la table.
Ils sont sur la table.
John and Jason are going to go shopping.
They are going to go shopping.

The pens are on the table.
Ils sont sur la table.
EllesElles = they when referring to an all feminine group. 

Elles can also refer to a group of feminine things.
Jennifer et Jill font du shopping.
Elles font du shopping.

Les bougies sont sur la table.
Elles sont sur la table.
Jennifer and Jill are going shopping.
Elles font du shopping.

The candles are on the table.
They are on the table. 

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