Dès que – Depuis que – Jusqu’à ce que

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Use this to express an action that started at some point in the past and continues in the present.  Use it to express since a point in time followed by a conjugated verb. The subjunctive is not required after depuis que.

👉 Il n’a plus beaucoup de temps libre depuis qu’il a commencé son nouveau travail. 
👉 He hasn’t had much free time since he started his new job. 


Use this to indicate an action that happens right  before another action.  This conjunction is usually followed by the future tense when making reference to the future.  In English, we use the present tense.  The subjunctive is not required after dès que.

👉 Je mettrai la table et je vous servirai dès que le dîner sera prêt.
👉 I will set the table and serve you as soon as dinner is ready.


Use this to express that an action will continue until something else happens.  Use it to express until someone (subject) does something. The subjunctive is required after jusqu’à ce que.

👉 Le chien va continuer d’aboyer jusqu’à ce que le facteur parte.
👉 The dog will continue to bark until the mailman leaves.

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