Do you need to use the subjunctive or the indicative after jusqu’à ce que… ?
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Decide whether you need the subjunctive or the indicative in the following sentence:
👉 On ne partira pas jusqu’à ce que tu (mettre) tes chaussures.
When a sentence includes jusqu’à ce que, you must follow up with a subject and verb in the subjunctive. This is a subordinating conjunction, and it’s one to memorize. Some of these conjunctions are followed by the subjunctive, while others take the indicative. Jusquà means until, and when you want to follow it with a noun, you need the conjunction jusqu’à ce que.
To form the subjunctive, begin with the present tense indicative form of mettre.
👉 ILS METTENT
Take off -ent to find the subjunctive stem.
Add the correct ending for tu.
👉 On ne partira pas jusqu’à ce que tu mettes tes chaussures.
👉 Translation: We will not leave until you put your shoes on.
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