Most of the time, French expressions of quantity are followed by DE (or D’ when the word begins with a vowel), even when the noun that follows is plural. You may feel tempted to use DES – DE LA – DU – DE L’ after these expressions, but the change to DE is necessary. Expressions of quantity represent just one instance in French when DE is required.
Click here for a lesson on the different ways to use DE, and get your list of expressions of quantity for weight and volume here.
👉 Tu vas boire combien de jus?
👉 How much juice are you going to drink?
* EXCEPTION* The definite articles LE – LA – LES may be used with these expressions to indicate the quantity of a specific item. Remember that DE LE = DU, and DE LES = DES.
👉 Ils ont bu pas mal du jus que j’ai acheté.
👉 They drank a good bit of the juice that I bought.
THE PRONOUN “EN”: Since all of these expressions indicate quantity, and they are followed by de, you can simply replace DE + NOUN with the pronoun EN.
👉 Est-ce que tu as assez de boissons? / Do you have enough drinks?
👉 Est-ce que tu en as assez? / Do you have enough (of them)?
Here’s a list of common adverbial expressions of quantity:
|autant de||as many|
|beaucoup de||a lot|
|combien de||how many / how much|
|la majorité de*||the majority|
|la minorité de*||the minority|
|pas mal de||quite a few / a good bit|
|un peu de||a little|
|plein de||full of / a lot of|
|la plupart de*||the most|
|tant de||so many|
|un tas de||a bunch|
|tellement de||so many|
|trop de||too many|
There are many other ways to express quantities such as weight and volume. You’ll find that many of these are used with food and drinks. Click here for a long list of ways to express these types of quantities.