French Power Verb DEVOIR

French Verb DEVOIR

The verb DEVOIR means TO HAVE TO – MUST.  Using this verb in the conditional tense is a way to speak politely in French. Like many verbs, DEVOIR can be followed directly by an infinitive.

👉 Watch my lesson on devoir at the bottom of this post 👈

Devoir:  Present tense conjugation

Je dois
I have to
Nous devons
We have to
Tu dois
You have to
Vous devez
You have to
Il – Elle – On doit
He – She – One has to
*ON DOIT also means WE HAVE TO
Ils – Elles doivent
They have to

Devoir:  Conditional tense conjugation

Je devrais
I should
Nous devrions
We should
Tu devrais
You should
Vous devriez
You should
Il – Elle – On devrait
He – She – One should
Ils – Elles devraient
They should



Je dois manger.I have to eat.
Je ne dois pas manger.I must not eat.
Je devrais manger.I should eat.
Je ne devrais pas manger.I should not eat.


Tu dois voyager.You have to travel.
Tu ne dois pas voyager.You must not travel.
Tu devrais voyager.You should travel.
Tu ne devrais pas voyager.You should not travel.

Il / Elle / On

Il doit travailler.He has to work.
Il ne doit pas travailler.He must not work.
Il devrait travailler.He should work.
Il ne devrait pas travailler.He should not work.


Nous devons dormir.We have to sleep.
Nous ne devons pas dormir.We must not sleep.
Nous devrions dormir.We should sleep.
Nous ne devrions pas dormir.We should not sleep.


Vous devez choisir.You have to choose.
Vous ne devez pas choisir.You must not choose.
Vous devriez choisir.You should choose.
Vous ne devriez pas choisir.You should not choose.

Ils / Elles

Ils doivent gagner.They have to win.
Ils ne doivent pas gagner.They must not win.
Ils devraient gagner.They should win.
Ils ne devraient pas gagner.They should not win.

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