French Relative Composed Pronouns Lesson – LEQUEL – AUQUEL – DUQUEL

LEQUEL, AUQUEL and DUQUEL are much like the relative pronouns QUI, QUE and DONT and CE QUE, CE QUI, CE DONT meaning they introduce dependent clauses. A dependent clause is one that has a subject and a verb, but it needs to be connected to a main clause to form a complete sentence. Relative pronouns are the words that connect a dependent clause to a main clause. 

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👉 Scroll down to watch my video lesson on the relative composed pronouns 👈

As a relative pronoun LEQUEL (in various forms) replaces an indirect object when that object is preceded by any preposition except DE.

LEQUEL must agree in number and gender with its antecedent (the term that the relative pronoun is replacing).

masculine & singularLEQUEL
feminine & singularLAQUELLE
masculine & pluralLESQUELS
feminine & pluralLESQUELLES

Examples from the video lesson below:

👉 L’agence est sur le boulevard Haussmann. Il travaille pour cette agence.

👉 The agency is on Haussmann Boulevard. He works for this agency.

👉 L’agence pour laquelle il travaille est sur le boulevard Haussmann.

👉 The agency for which he works is on Haussmann Boulevard.


👉 Ce mannequin est célèbre. Nous allons travailler avec ce mannequin.

👉 This model is famous. We are going to work with this model.

👉 Le mannequin avec lequel nous allons travailler est célèbre. Common in conversation: Le mannequin avec qui nous allons travailler est célèbre.

👉 The model with whom / which we are going to work is famous. The model with whom we are going to work is famous.


After the preposition À

à + lequelauquel
à + lesquelsauxquels
à + lesquellesauxquelles
à + laquelleà laquelle

👉 La robe est absolument superbe. Cette future mariée pense à cette robe.

👉 The dress is absolutely superb. This future bride is thinking about that dress.

👉 La robe à laquelle cette future mariée pense est absolument superbe.

👉 The dress that the future bride is thinking about is absolutely superb.


👉 Le défilé de mode a eu un grand succès. Tout le monde a assisté au défilé de mode.

👉 The fashion show had a lot of success. Everyone went to the fashion show.

👉 Le défilé de mode auquel tout le monde a assisté a eu un grand succès.

👉 The fashion show to which everyone went had a lot of success.


After the preposition DE

de + lequelduquel
de + lesquelsdesquels
de + lesquellesdesquelles
de + laquellede laquelle

After prepositional phrases using DE you must make a contraction with LEQUEL:

à côté denext to
auprès declose to; nearby
autour dearound
au dessus deabove
en dessous debeneath
en dehors deoutside of
en face deopposite
au milieu dein the middle of
près denear

👉 Le mariage a eu lieu à côté d’un jardin. Le jardin a bien contribué à l’ambiance générale de l’événement.

👉 The wedding took place next to a garden. The garden contributed to the general ambiance of the event.

👉 Le jardin à côté duquel le mariage a eu lieu a bien contribué à l’ambiance générale de l’événement.

👉 The garden next to which the wedding took place contributed to the general ambiance of the event.


NOTE:  DE + NOUN can only be replaced by DONT.

👉 Le défilé a eu un grand succès. Tu me parles de ce défilé.

👉 The fashion show had a lot of success. You are talking to me about this fashion show.

👉 Le défilé dont tu me parles a eu un grand succès.

👉 The fashion show that you are talking to me about had a lot of success.


TIP – ASTUCE!  When there is already a preposition in one of the ideas that you need to connect with LEQUEL you will not need to use the AUQUEL or DUQUEL forms.


RELATED POSTS:

👉 Lesson: French relative pronoun DONT

👉 Lesson: French relative pronouns QUI – QUE – OÙ – DONT

👉 Lesson: French relative pronouns CE QUI – CE QUE – CE DONT




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