French Relative Pronoun Lesson – CE QUI – CE QUE – CE DONT


👉 Scroll to the bottom of this post to watch my video tutorial and take a quiz 👈

CE QUI, CE QUE and CE DONT are like the relative pronouns QUI, QUE, and DONT. They introduce dependent clauses. A dependent clause is one that has a subject and a verb, but it needs to be connected to a main clause to form a complete sentence. Relative pronouns are the words that connect a dependent clause to a main clause.

The difference between CE QUI, CE QUE, CE DONT and QUI, QUE and DONT is that they don’t refer to a specific noun that has already been mentioned. They refer to something less specific, like an idea or a whole statement. That idea may or may not have already been stated.

CE QUI: Use it as subject of the dependent clause.

👉 Le vent, c’est ce qui me dérange le plus.

👉 The wind is what bothers me the most.

👉 Ce qui me dérange, c’est quand il y a trop de vent.

👉 What bothers me the most is when there is too much wind.

CE QUE: Use it as direct object of the dependent clause.

👉 Je ne comprends pas ce que tu dis.

👉 I don’t understand what you are saying.

👉Ce que nous devons faire, c’est prendre le train demain.

👉What we must do is take the train tomorrow.

CE DONT: Use it as the object of the preposition de.

👉Je sais ce dont tu as besoin.

👉I know what you need (of what you have need).

👉Ce dont tu as peur, c’est le noir?

👉 What you are afraid of is the dark?


👉 Lesson: French relative pronoun DONT

👉 Lesson: French relative pronouns QUI – QUE – OÙ – DONT

👉 Lesson: French relative pronouns LEQUEL – DUQUEL – AUQUEL

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