Use French possessive adjectives to say who something belongs to. Possessive adjectives replace articles. In English we would say:
MY, YOUR, HIS, HER, OUR and THEIR. Watch my video lesson on possessive adjectives below.
There are more possessive adjectives in French than in English. It all goes back to
gender and number, which are always important in French.
When talking about body parts we hardly ever use possessive adjectives. For example, if you want to say “My head hurts” you would say “J’ai mal à la tête”.
If a feminine noun begins with a vowel you have to use the masculine possessive adjective before it. For example, even though “araignée = spider” is a feminine noun, if it is MY spider I have to say MON araignée so that it will sound pretty when spoken.
The tricky thing about French possessives is that the gender of the noun will determine which adjective needs to be used. For example, “stylo” is masculine. It’s masculine no matter if it belongs to HIM or HER. That’s why we say SON stylo to mean HIS pen and SON stylo to mean HER pen.
English Masculine Singular Feminine Singular Before a vowel Plural my mon ma mon mon amie mes your (tu) ton ta ton ton amie tes his / her / its son sa son son amie ses our notre notre notre nos your (vous) votre votre votre vos their leur leur leur leurs Examples
my brother mon frère my sister ma soeur your brother ton frère your sister ta soeur his brother son frère his sister sa soeur her brother son frère her sister sa soeur our brother notre frère our sister notre soeur your brother votre frère your sister votre soeur their brother leur frère their sister leur soeur
my mom ma maman my dad mon papa your mom ta maman your dad ton papa his mom sa maman his dad son papa her mom sa maman her dad son papa our mom notre maman our dad notre papa your mom votre maman your dad votre papa their mom leur maman their dad leur papa
my grandparents mes grands-parents your grandparents tes grands-parents his grandparents ses grands-parents her grandparents ses grands-parents our grandparents nos grands-parents your grandparents vos grands-parents their grandparents leurs grands-parents