French Relative Pronoun Lesson – CE QUI – CE QUE – CE DONT

French Relative Pronoun Lesson – CE QUI – CE QUE – CE DONT

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CE QUI, CE QUE and CE DONT are like the relative pronouns QUI, QUE and DONT, meaning they introduce dependent clauses. A dependent clause is one that has a subject and a verb, but it needs to be connected to a main clause to form a complete sentence. Relative pronouns are the words that connect a dependent clause to a main clause.

The difference between CE QUI, CE QUE, CE DONT and QUI, QUE and DONT is that they don’t refer to a specific noun that has already been mentioned. They refer to something less specific, like an idea or a whole statement. That idea may or may not have already been stated.

CE QUI

USE IT AS SUBJECT OF THE DEPENDENT CLAUSE

Le vent, c’est ce qui me dérange le plus.
The wind is what bothers me the most.
Ce qui me dérange, c’est quand il y a trop de vent.
What bothers me the most is when there is too much wind.

CE QUE

USE IT AS DIRECT OBJECT OF THE DEPENDENT CLAUSE

Je ne comprends pas ce que tu dis.
I don’t understand what you are saying.
Ce que nous devons faire, c’est prendre le train demain.
What we must do is take the train tomorrow.

CE DONT

USE IT AS THE OBJECT OF THE PREPOSITION “DE”

Je sais ce dont tu as besoin.
I know what you need (of what you have need).
Ce dont tu as peur, c’est le noir?
What you are afraid of is the dark?

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