French Pronouns Top Ten Questions

French Pronouns Top Ten Questions Types of French pronouns:  All you need to know Enroll in Love Learning Languages French Academy Download a PDF version of this blog post Scroll down to the bottom of this page to practice pronouns with an exercise on Quizlet. 1. Question:  How can you tell the difference between a DIRECT OBJECT and an INDIRECT OBJECT? Answer:  DIRECT OBJECTS answer the questions WHO? WHAT? QUI? QUOI? Answer:  INDIRECT OBJECTS answer the questions TO WHOM? FOR WHOM? À QUI / POUR QUI? Would you like to take a test to know what your current level is in French? 2. Question:  What are some common verbs that are followed by À and that take an indirect object? Answer:  Here are some common ones.  Notice that many of these verbs do NOT need an indirect object in English. acheter à / pour to buy for… J’achète des cadeaux pour mes amis. Je leur achète des cadeaux. emprunter à to borrow from… J’emprunte de l’argent à mon ami. Je lui emprunte de l’argent. prêter à to loan to… Je prête ma voiture à mon frère. Je lui prête ma voiture. offrir à to give / to offer to… J’offre des fleurs à ma copine. Je lui offre des fleurs. rendre à to return something to… Je rends son livre à Pierre. Je lui rends son livre. donner à to give to… Je donne à manger aux enfants. Je leur donne à manger. vendre à to sell to… Je vends des biscuits aux enseignants. Je leur vends des biscuits. parler à to speak to… Je parle à mon père. Je...

French Relative Composed Pronouns Lesson – LEQUEL – AUQUEL – DUQUEL

French Relative Composed Pronouns Lesson – LEQUEL – AUQUEL – DUQUEL Subscribe to my YouTube channel and you won’t miss a single French lesson:  Cliquez ici Support the LLL French Resource Project on Patreon LEQUEL, AUQUEL and DUQUEL are like the relative pronouns QUI, QUE and DONT and CE QUE, CE QUI, CE DONT meaning they introduce dependent clauses. A dependent clause is one that has a subject and a verb, but it needs to be connected to a main clause to form a complete sentence. Relative pronouns are the words that connect a dependent clause to a main clause. Would you like to take a test to know what your current level is in French? As a relative pronoun LEQUEL (in various forms) replaces an indirect object when that object is preceded by any preposition except DE. LEQUEL must agree in number and gender with its antecedent (the term that the relative pronoun is replacing). masculine & singular LEQUEL feminine & singular LAQUELLE masculine & plural LESQUELS feminine & plural LESQUELLES Examples from the video lesson L’agence est sur le boulevard Haussmann. Il travaille pour cette agence. The agency is on Haussmann Boulevard. He works for this agency. L’agence pour laquelle il travaille est sur le boulevard Haussmann. The agency for which he works is on Haussmann Boulevard. Ce mannequin est célèbre. Nous allons travailler avec ce mannequin. This model is famous. We are going to work with this model. Le mannequin avec lequel nous allons travailler est célèbre. Common in conversation: Le mannequin avec qui nous allons travailler est célèbre. The model with whom / which we are going to work is...

French Relative Pronoun Lesson – CE QUI – CE QUE – CE DONT

French Relative Pronoun Lesson – CE QUI – CE QUE – CE DONT Subscribe to my YouTube channel and you won’t miss a single French lesson:  Cliquez ici Support the LLL French Resource Project on Patreon Would you like to take a test to know what your current level is in French? CE QUI, CE QUE and CE DONT are like the relative pronouns QUI, QUE and DONT, meaning they introduce dependent clauses. A dependent clause is one that has a subject and a verb, but it needs to be connected to a main clause to form a complete sentence. Relative pronouns are the words that connect a dependent clause to a main clause. The difference between CE QUI, CE QUE, CE DONT and QUI, QUE and DONT is that they don’t refer to a specific noun that has already been mentioned. They refer to something less specific, like an idea or a whole statement. That idea may or may not have already been stated. CE QUI USE IT AS SUBJECT OF THE DEPENDENT CLAUSE Le vent, c’est ce qui me dérange le plus. The wind is what bothers me the most. Ce qui me dérange, c’est quand il y a trop de vent. What bothers me the most is when there is too much wind. CE QUE USE IT AS DIRECT OBJECT OF THE DEPENDENT CLAUSE Je ne comprends pas ce que tu dis. I don’t understand what you are saying. Ce que nous devons faire, c’est prendre le train demain. What we must do is take the train tomorrow. CE DONT USE IT AS THE OBJECT OF...

French Relative Pronouns Lesson: QUI – QUE – OÙ – DONT

French Relative Pronouns Lesson   Subscribe to my YouTube channel and you won’t miss a single French lesson:  Cliquez ici Support the LLL French Resource Project on Patreon Would you like to take a test to know what your current level is in French? QUI – QUE – OÙ – DONT What is a relative pronoun? Here is a lesson on French relative pronouns: CE QUE, CE QUI, CE DONT These words are used to link a dependent clause to a main clause. A dependent clause is a group of words with a subject and a verb. It does not express a complete thought so it isn’t a sentence and can’t stand alone. In English, French relative pronouns can be translated to WHO, WHOM, THAT, WHICH, WHOSE, WHERE or WHEN. Unlike in French, we don’t always have to use them in English. Many times they are optional. For example, I could say either “the movie I saw last night” or “the movie that I saw last night”. QUI QUI can be tricky because you’ve certainly learned that as a question word, QUI means WHO. As a relative pronoun it can mean WHO or WHAT. QUI replaces the subject in the dependent clause. Je téléphone à ma mère. Elle est en Louisiane. Je téléphone à ma mère qui est en Louisiane. I am calling my mother. She is in Louisiana. I am calling my mother who is in Louisiana. In this example QUI means WHO. Je vais lire le livre. Il est dans mon sac. Je vais lire le livre qui est dans mon sac. I am going to read...

French Double Pronouns Exercise

French Double Pronouns Exercise Rewrite the following sentences replacing the words in italics with French pronouns. Use the charts below to determine the order of pronouns. Pay close attention to the tenses used.  Order of pronouns Would you like to take a test to know what your current level is in French? reflexives direct objects indirect objects direct objects indirect objects adverbial pronoun adverbial pronoun ME TE LE NOUS LA LUI VOUS LES LEUR Y EN Order of pronouns in affirmative commands le moi nous la toi vous les lui leur y en     ORIGINAL SENTENCE SENTENCE WITH PRONOUNS 1 J’ai donné de la soupe à mon enfant parce qu’il est enrhumé. 2 Est-ce que vous préparez les escargots que j’ai achetés au marché pour vos amis? 3 Tu lis les comptes de Grimm à la classe? 4 Nous avons mangé les pommes de notre jardin sur la terrasse. 5 Qui a fait ce gâteau pour mes amis et moi? Answer key ORIGINAL SENTENCE SENTENCE WITH PRONOUNS 1 J’ai donné de la soupe à mon enfant parce qu’il est enrhumé. Je lui en ai donné parce qu’il est enrhumé. 2 Est-ce que vous préparez les escargots que j’ai achetés au marché pour vos amis? Est-ce que vous les leur préparez? 3 Tu lis les comptes de Grimm à la classe? Tu les leur lis? 4 Nous avons mangé les pommes de notre jardin sur la terrasse. Nous les y avons mangées. 5 Qui a fait ce gâteau pour mes amis et moi? Qui nous l’a fait? Connect with LLL WEBSITE YOUTUBE FRENCH BLOG FACEBOOK – LEARNERS OF FRENCH...

Types of French Pronouns

Types of French Pronouns This lesson focuses on the following types of French pronouns: Q & A Session on French Pronouns:  10 of the most common questions students have and my explanations Click here to enroll in Love Learning Languages online school Download a PDF version of this blog post Reflexive pronouns ME – TE – SE – NOUS – VOUS Direct object pronouns ME – TE – NOUS – VOUS – LE – LA – LES Indirect object pronouns ME – TE – NOUS – VOUS – LUI – LEUR French adverbial pronouns Y – EN One of the tricky things about French pronouns is that ME – TE – NOUS – VOUS can all be reflexive, direct or indirect object pronouns and how to identify whether they are direct or indirect.   Would you like to take a test to know what your current level is in French? How to know which pronoun to use Reflexive pronouns Reflexive pronouns are used when a person is doing something to himself.  They must agree with the subject of the sentence.  In other words, reflexive pronouns must agree with the person who is doing the action to himself.   ME – TE – SE – NOUS – VOUS – SE Je ME couche. Tu TE couches. Il SE couche – Elle SE couche – On SE couche. Nous NOUS couchons. Vous VOUS couchez. Ils SE couchent – Elles se couchent. Direct object pronouns Direct object pronouns answer the questions: WHO or WHAT QUI ou QUOI ME – TE – NOUS – VOUS LE – LA – LES I’m watching TV....

FRENCH TASK CARDS

French Task Cards For French conversation groups, self-learners and French teachers What are task cards? On each card you’ll find a question that you can either ask yourself, and to which you will respond, or you can ask the questions to someone else who is learning to speak French.  In that way, these task cards can help you to develop your speaking skills in French. You can also use these task cards to practice your writing skills.  Read the question asked and respond to it in writing. Why task cards? The answer is simple.  Task cards guide you to use the French you already know in ways you may not have yet seen. Exercises are a great way to learn, but sometimes you need to push yourself by responding to open ended questions. Task cards are a nice alternative to worksheets which can get boring.  Download, print and cut out your French task cards and stick them in your back pocket or purse so that you can use them whenever you get the chance. How to purchase? Just click on the task cards that interest you and you will be led to my store.  Once you’re there you will be prompted to create an account.  Don’t worry, it’s easy and fast.  Once you’ve done that you can go ahead with your purchase.                      ...

French Stressed – Disjunctive Pronouns

French Stressed – Disjunctive Pronouns Scroll down to the bottom of this page for a video tutorial on French stressed pronouns Stressed pronouns – Emphasis Use stress pronouns to add emphasis to what you want to say.  Use these pronouns when you want to change the tone of your voice.  You can place them either at the beginning or at the end of a sentence. Click here for a complete downloadable lesson on FRENCH STRESSED PRONOUNS Would you like to take a test to know what your current level is in French? English French Example me moi Moi, je parle français. Je parle français, moi. you toi Toi, tu parles français? Tu parles français, toi? him lui Lui, il parle français. Il parle français, lui. her elle Elle, elle parle français. Elle parle français, elle? us nous Nous, nous parlons français. Nous parlons français, nous. you vous Vous, vous parlez français? Vous parlez français, vous? Them (masculine) eux Eux, ils parlent français? Ils parlent français, eux? Them (feminine) elles Elles, elles parlent français. Elles parlent français, elles? Stressed pronouns – After prepositions moi avec – with avec moi with me toi pour – for pour toi for you lui chez – at the home of chez lui at his house elle avant – before avant elle before her nous devant – in front of devant nous in front of us vous après – after après vous after you eux derrière – behind derrière eux behind them elles à côté de – next to à côté d’elles next to them Stressed pronouns – Emphasize who is doing something When you...

TU vs VOUS

TU vs. VOUS Scroll down to the bottom of this page for a video tutorial on TU vs VOUS One of the really big differences that exists between French and English is that in French there are two ways to say YOU.  It’s really important to know which one you need to use because they are definitely not interchangeable. When learning French subject pronouns, the difference between TU and VOUS isn’t just a matter of speaking correctly. The real reason you need to know the difference between the two ways of saying YOU boils down to culture and etiquette.  There are many social rules of etiquette in France, and using the correct form of YOU is one of the big ones. There are two verbs and two nouns you should become familiar with, and they don’t exist in English. Click here to go to a downloadable complete lesson on French subject pronouns Tutoyer On peut se tutoyer? Le tutoiement (noun) To use the TU form of YOU with someone Can we use TU with each other? Using TU Vouvoyer Le vouvoiement (noun) To use the VOUS form of YOU with someone Using VOUS TU VOUS Informal and singular Formal and singular OR Formal or informal and plural Never use TU with a group of people, even if the people are all your friends or family members. Always use VOUS with a group of people no matter who they are. Use VOUS with one person when speaking to someone in a formal situation. Who to use TU with? Who to use VOUS with? friends people you don’t know family members...

French Pronoun EN

How to use the pronoun EN in French Scroll down to watch my video tutorial and take a test on the FRENCH PRONOUN EN  Most of the time the French pronouns Y and EN are taught at the same time.  Click here for a lesson on the French pronoun Y.  Once you’ve learned how to use these pronouns you can learn how to use the pronouns Y and EN in the same sentence. Download a PDF version of this lesson:  How to use the pronoun EN in French The French pronoun EN replaces a QUANTITY EN refers to a noun that is introduced by: De / de la / du / des / d’ Un, une or any other number Expressions of quantity like:  un verre de / un kilo de / une bouteille de.. Adverbs of quantity like:  beaucoup de / peu de / assez de… EN is normally translated by “some”, “any”  or “one” in English.  Many times we don’t need to say “some” or “of them” in English, but you can’t avoid it in French.  That’s why you need this pronoun. Examples In these examples the pronoun EN replaces a QUANTITY. Nous voudrions 2 baguettes. We would like 2 baguettes. Nous en voudrions 2. We would like 2 of them. *Note that the EN comes right before the verb in the present tense. *Note that the number needs to be repeated. Je ne mange pas de frites. I’m not eating any fries. Je n’en mange pas. I’m not eating any of them. *Note the placement of ne / pas when using the pronoun EN. *Note that...

French Pronoun Y

French Pronoun Y Scroll down to watch a video lesson and take a test on the FRENCH PRONOUN Y  Download a PDF version of this lesson:  How to use the pronoun Y in French The French pronoun Y replaces a PLACE Most of the time the French pronouns Y and EN are taught at the same time.  Click here for a lesson on the French pronoun EN.  Once you’ve learned how to use these pronouns you can learn how to use the pronouns Y and EN in the same sentence. Here are two examples to get started.  You’ve probably seen these and wondered why the Y is there. On y va  –  Let’s go (there) Il y a – There is / There are Y refers to a previously mentioned or implied place. *Y is not used to replace a person.  To replace people you need to use an indirect object pronoun:  me, te, lui, nous, vous, leur Y is normally translated by “there” in English.  Many times we don’t need to say “there” in English, but you can’t avoid it in French.  That’s why you need this pronoun. Y usually replaces a prepositional phrase beginning with a preposition of location like à, chez , dans, sur, etc . Y replaces a preposition (other than any form of «de») + a place or a thing. Examples In these examples the pronoun Y means THERE. Are you going to the bank today? No, I’m going (there) tomorrow. Tu vas à la banque aujourd’hui ?  Non, j’y vais demain. *note that the Y comes right before the verb in the present...

French indirect object pronouns

  If you enjoy using this activity for teaching or learning French please consider making a donation of any amount. Merci beaucoup!  xx [paypal-donation] What is a French indirect object? *find links to exercises and a downloadable PDF of this lesson at the bottom of the page An indirect object is the person or people in a sentence that something is being done “to” or “for”.  It’s the person or people that are receiving the action.  An indirect object will answer the question “to whom?” or “for whom?” A few verbs that are followed by indirect objects + examples Parler à Le professeur parle aux étudiants.  (à + les) Faire pour Je fais des crêpes pour mes enfants. Donner à Les étudiants donnent leurs devoirs au professeur. Téléphoner à Il faut que je téléphone à mes parents. Préparer pour On prépare un gâteau d’anniversaire pour Paul. Répondre à Je réponds à mes clients par email. Poser une question à La caissière pose une question à sa cliente. Obéir à Les enfants obéissent à leurs parents. Acheter pour Maria achète une jolie robe pour sa fille. How can you easily identify a French indirect object? In French, you can always identify an indirect object by looking for the prepositions “à” or “pour” + a person or people. Which indirect pronouns would you use in the following situations? Replace the à / pour + person or people that you see in the examples on the left with French indirect object pronouns on the right side of the chart. French indirect object pronouns chart À / pour moi me À / pour toi...

French Subject Pronouns Lesson

 French Subject Pronouns Lesson French subject pronouns – Les pronoms personnels Click here for a complete lesson to download on French subject pronouns Subscribe to my YouTube channel and you won’t miss a single French lesson:  Cliquez ici Je Je always means I except in sentences like Jennifer and I which would translate to Jennifer et moi Je parle français. I speak French.   Tu                    Tu is the informal way to say you.  Use it with people you know well, like with family, good friends and children. Tu es gentille. You are nice (to a girl you know well).   Il Il means he.  It also means it when referring to masculine & singular nouns. Pierre aime la pizza. Il aime la pizza. Le stylo est sur la table. Il est sur la table. Pierre likes pizza. He likes pizza. The pen is on the table. It is on the table. Elle Elle means she.  It also means it when referring to feminine & singular nouns. Sophie aime les légumes. Elle aime les légumes. La bouteille d’eau est dans le frigo. Elle est dans le frigo. Sophie likes vegetables. She likes vegetables. The bottle of water is in the fridge. It is in the fridge.   On On can have several meanings.  Notice that verbs conjugated using on will always be 3rd person singular, just like il and elle. On Quand on a faim, on mange. On can mean one. When one is hungry, one eats. On On est là! On can mean we. We are here! On On dit...