French Pronouns Top Ten Questions

French Pronouns Top Ten Questions Types of French pronouns:  All you need to know Enroll in Love Learning Languages French Academy Download a PDF version of this blog post Scroll down to the bottom of this page to practice pronouns with an exercise on Quizlet. 1. Question:  How can you tell the difference between a DIRECT OBJECT and an INDIRECT OBJECT? Answer:  DIRECT OBJECTS answer the questions WHO? WHAT? QUI? QUOI? Answer:  INDIRECT OBJECTS answer the questions TO WHOM? FOR WHOM? À QUI / POUR QUI? Would you like to take a test to know what your current level is in French? 2. Question:  What are some common verbs that are followed by À and that take an indirect object? Answer:  Here are some common ones.  Notice that many of these verbs do NOT need an indirect object in English. acheter à / pour to buy for… J’achète des cadeaux pour mes amis. Je leur achète des cadeaux. emprunter à to borrow from… J’emprunte de l’argent à mon ami. Je lui emprunte de l’argent. prêter à to loan to… Je prête ma voiture à mon frère. Je lui prête ma voiture. offrir à to give / to offer to… J’offre des fleurs à ma copine. Je lui offre des fleurs. rendre à to return something to… Je rends son livre à Pierre. Je lui rends son livre. donner à to give to… Je donne à manger aux enfants. Je leur donne à manger. vendre à to sell to… Je vends des biscuits aux enseignants. Je leur vends des biscuits. parler à to speak to… Je parle à mon père. Je...

French Listening Comprehension Exercise: Arriving at the Airport in Paris

French Listening Comprehension Exercise:  Arriving at the Airport in Paris   Practice and master the vocabulary used in this exercise using the QUIZLET study set below. Do you want to improve your listening skills in French? Are you planning a trip to France? Do you want to practice your listening comprehension skills and find out what happens when you arrive at the airport? This is a French listening comprehension activity about what happens when this traveler arrives at Roissy Charles de Gaulle Airport in Paris, the City of Lights!   Comprehension questions follow the listening activity.  You may have to listen to it several times to get all of the answers. Would you like to take a test to know what your current level is in French? FRENCH TEACHERS: Click here for a comprehensive lesson based on this video. FRENCH LEARNERS: Click here to enroll in the course and improve your French while riding around in the car French Listening Comprehension Exercise:  Arriving at the Airport in Paris Les Questions : 1.         Je suis arrivée à quel aéroport ? 2.         J’ai enregistré combien de bagages ? 3.         Quelles sont mes 3 options pour aller à Paris ? 4.         Quelle option est-ce que j’ai choisi ? 5.         Pourquoi est-ce que je n’ai pas pris le taxi ? 6.         Le trajet pour arriver à Paris a pris combien de temps ? 7.         Quand je suis arrivée à Paris, j’ai vu quel monument ? 8.         Maintenant que je suis à Paris, comment est-ce que je vais aller à mon hôtel ? 9.         Mon hôtel se trouve dans quel district, dans quel quartier ? Check your answers when you enroll in the mini-course...

40 Awesome French Adjectives

40 Awesome French Adjectives Subscribe to my YouTube channel and you won’t miss a single French lesson:  Cliquez ici Support the LLL French Resource Project on Patreon Watch the video lesson above to learn how to compare using adjectives in French, then learn this list of French adjectives and you’ll really enrich your vocabulary. Everything you say will sound better, and YOU will sound more French! Practice and master this list of adjectives down at the bottom of this page with a Quizlet study set. Would you like to take a test to know what your current level is in French?  Click here for a complete lesson on comparing using French adjectives. Click here for a list of 30 awesome French adverbs. Click here to download a PDF version of this list 1 bon good 2 mauvais bad 3 joli pretty 4 gentil nice 5 fort strong 6 drôle funny 7 bizarre odd 8 effrayé scared 9 fâché angry 10 cher expensive 11 courageux brave 12 désorienté confused 13 difficile difficult 14 facile easy 15 épuisé exhausted 16 fatigué tired 17 grave totally (slang) 18 gros fat; heavy 19 impossible impossible 20 juste fair 21 libre free; available 22 meilleur better 23 moche ugly 24 navré sorry 25 pareil the same 26 pauvre poor 27 pressé in a hurry 28 prêt ready 29 ravi delighted 30 simple uncomplicated 31 sympa nice 32 tranquille calm 33 travailleur hardworking 34 triste sad 35 vide empty 36 vieux old 37 méchant mean 38 inquiet worried 39 haut high 40 bas low CONNECT WITH LLL WEBSITE – Find out how to take private French lessons on Skype or...

30 Awesome French Adverbs

30 Awesome French Adverbs Subscribe to my YouTube channel and you won’t miss a single French lesson:  Cliquez ici Support the LLL French Resource Project on Patreon Watch the video lesson above to learn how to form adverbs in French, then learn this list of French adverbs and you’ll really enrich your vocabulary. Everything you say will sound better, and YOU will sound more French! Practice and master this list of adverbs down at the bottom of this page with a Quizlet study set. Would you like to take a test to know what your current level is in French? There are also many short, common adverbs that are used all the time. Click here for a lesson on common adverbs and where to place them in a sentence. Click here to download a PDF version of the list Click here for a list of 40 awesome French adjectives 1 clairement clearly 2 rapidement quickly 3 bien well 4 mieux better 5 fréquemment frequently 6 poliment politely 7 couramment fluently 8 brillamment brilliantly 9 mal badly 10 vite fast 11 honnêtement honestly 12 souvent often 13 lentement slowly 14 doucement softly 15 heureusement fortunately 16 malheureusement unfortunately 17 franchement frankly 18 absolument absolutely 19 vraiment really 20 récemment recently 21 suffisamment sufficiently 22 méchamment spitefully 23 précisément precisely 24 profondément deeply 25 énormément enormously 26 sûrement surely 27 calmement calmly 28 prudemment carefully 29 effectivement indeed 30 habituellement usually CONNECT WITH LLL WEBSITE – Find out how to take private French lessons on Skype or book an immersion tour in France. YOUTUBE – 200 + French grammar lessons with Jennifer FRENCH BLOG – Have a look...

ALLER – ÊTRE – AVOIR – FAIRE: Scrambled sentences exercise

ALLER – ÊTRE – AVOIR – FAIRE:  Scrambled Sentences Exercise The following are scrambled sentences using the 4 most common verbs in the French language.  Put all of the words in the right order to form grammatically sound sentences.  Check your answers at the bottom of the page.  Click here to download this exercise on the French verbs ALLER, ÊTRE, AVOIR and FAIRE. French teachers, you can feel free to use this resource with your students. Scroll down to see my other resources for teaching être, aller, avoir and faire. Would you like to take a test to know what your current level is in French?                                                    ALLER 1 mon / Je / aller / chien / vais / parc / avec / au 2 ce / Tu / vas / soir / parler / téléphone / au 3 États-Unis / Il / semaine / va / prochaine / voyager / aux / la 4 à / Nous / dîner / allons / la / ce / pizzeria / soir 5 allez / travailler / vendredi / Vous 6 l’addition / ne / vont / Ils / partager / pas ÊTRE 1 7h / bureau / Je / au / depuis / suis 2 téléphone / es / Tu / qui / avec / au 3 intéressante / Elle / et / très / est / jolie 4 trente / Nous / depuis / cours / sommes / français / en / de / minutes 5 France...

French Verb Race Games

French Verb Race Games For French teachers and groups of friends who practice French together. VERB RACE – TEACHER LED Divide the class into three teams so that each student gets to go up to the board several times.  Have teams 1, 2 and 3 sit in groups so that each student clearly knows who plays before and after him. You may wish to allow them to change spots from time to time so that they’re not consistently playing against the same person who may or may not be a “better” player. Object of the game:  One student from each group goes up to the board with a dry erase marker or chalk in hand. As soon as all 3 students are lined up at the board, the teacher calls out a subject pronoun and the infinitive form of the verb to be conjugated in the appropriate tense. Everyone can keep trying to write the correct answer until someone gets it right or one minute has passed. Would you like to take a test to know what your current level is in French? Answers are written on each card to help you, the teacher, keep track of what is going on since this game moves fast. Once you have called out the subject pronoun and infinitive to be conjugated students can start writing. The first student who correctly writes the conjugated verb on the board earns a point for his team. Students keep track of their team’s points directly on the board where everyone can see them.  Important:  The spelling of the verb must be perfect and that includes...

Falloir – French Impersonal Verb

Falloir – French Impersonal Verb Subscribe to my YouTube channel and you won’t miss a single French lesson:  Cliquez ici Support the LLL French Resource Project on Patreon Watch the video tutorial above to learn how to form and use the French impersonal verb falloir in many different ways. Be sure to stick around until the end and I’ll give you a quiz! Click below for more resources to help you whether you are learning or teaching French. Would you like to take a test to know what your current level is in French? You can also use il faut que followed by the subjunctive. Click here for a comprehensive lesson on the present subjunctive.  CONNECT WITH LLL WEBSITE – Find out how to take private French lessons on Skype or book an immersion tour in France. YOUTUBE – 200 + French grammar lessons with Jennifer FRENCH BLOG – Have a look at the categories in “French Resources” to find your way around. FACEBOOK – LEARNERS OF FRENCH – Come join the LLL FB community with others who are learning French. FACEBOOK – TEACHERS OF FRENCH – Are you a French teacher? Come share your ideas on FB! TEACHERS PAY TEACHERS – French teachers, come check out my store 🙂 SUPPORT LLL ON PATREON – Do you want to support the LLL French Project? NEWSLETTER – LEARNERS OF FRENCH – I’ll write to you once a week to let you know what’s new. NEWSLETTER – TEACHERS OF FRENCH – I’ll write to you once a week with some ideas to help keep it fresh and...

Futur Antérieur – French Verb Tense Lesson and Quiz

Futur Antérieur – French Verb Tense Lesson and Quiz Subscribe to my YouTube channel and you won’t miss a single French lesson:  Cliquez ici Support the LLL French Resource Project on Patreon Watch the video tutorial above to learn how to form and use the futur antérieur tense in French. Be sure to stick around until the end and I’ll give you a quiz! Click below for more resources to help you whether you are learning or teaching French. Would you like to take a test to know what your current level is in French? CONNECT WITH LLL WEBSITE – Find out how to take private French lessons on Skype or book an immersion tour in France. YOUTUBE – 200 + French grammar lessons with Jennifer FRENCH BLOG – Have a look at the categories in “French Resources” to find your way around. FACEBOOK – LEARNERS OF FRENCH – Come join the LLL FB community with others who are learning French. FACEBOOK – TEACHERS OF FRENCH – Are you a French teacher? Come share your ideas on FB! TEACHERS PAY TEACHERS – French teachers, come check out my store 🙂 SUPPORT LLL ON PATREON – Do you want to support the LLL French Project? NEWSLETTER – LEARNERS OF FRENCH – I’ll write to you once a week to let you know what’s new. NEWSLETTER – TEACHERS OF FRENCH – I’ll write to you once a week with some ideas to help keep it fresh and...

French Relative Composed Pronouns Lesson – LEQUEL – AUQUEL – DUQUEL

French Relative Composed Pronouns Lesson – LEQUEL – AUQUEL – DUQUEL Subscribe to my YouTube channel and you won’t miss a single French lesson:  Cliquez ici Support the LLL French Resource Project on Patreon LEQUEL, AUQUEL and DUQUEL are like the relative pronouns QUI, QUE and DONT and CE QUE, CE QUI, CE DONT meaning they introduce dependent clauses. A dependent clause is one that has a subject and a verb, but it needs to be connected to a main clause to form a complete sentence. Relative pronouns are the words that connect a dependent clause to a main clause. Would you like to take a test to know what your current level is in French? As a relative pronoun LEQUEL (in various forms) replaces an indirect object when that object is preceded by any preposition except DE. LEQUEL must agree in number and gender with its antecedent (the term that the relative pronoun is replacing). masculine & singular LEQUEL feminine & singular LAQUELLE masculine & plural LESQUELS feminine & plural LESQUELLES Examples from the video lesson L’agence est sur le boulevard Haussmann. Il travaille pour cette agence. The agency is on Haussmann Boulevard. He works for this agency. L’agence pour laquelle il travaille est sur le boulevard Haussmann. The agency for which he works is on Haussmann Boulevard. Ce mannequin est célèbre. Nous allons travailler avec ce mannequin. This model is famous. We are going to work with this model. Le mannequin avec lequel nous allons travailler est célèbre. Common in conversation: Le mannequin avec qui nous allons travailler est célèbre. The model with whom / which we are going to work is...

Je n’ai jamais…

Je n’ai jamais… French speaking activity and game Number of students: Best for groups of 3 – 5 Objectives: Practice the passé composé with avoir and être; improve communication skills by recounting an event Time: 15-20 minutes French speaking game for beginners and advanced students alike, a fun NO PREP activity. All students can practice speaking and forming the passé composé with verbs that use both être and avoir as helping verbs, including reflexive verbs. The way the cards are organized even beginners can use them and have a great time playing this fun speaking game. Students practice saying “je n’ai jamais” or “j’ai déjà” followed by something they may or may not have done. There is a stack of cards with French and English and another stack with only French. Use this game in class with small groups or at a French club event. you can cut out the cards and include the “how to play” card so that if you have a very large group they can read the instructions without you having to explain the game. Just print out the cards, laminate if possible, punch holes in the upper corner and attach with a keychain. A fun no prep activity for years to come! Included with this resource: 75 game cards in French only – Black and white & color versions 75 game cards in French and English – Black and white & color versions How to play Here’s how the game works: Begin your sentence with “Je n’ai jamais” if you have never done what is written on the card. Begin with “J’ai déjà” if you...

Passé Composé with ÊTRE

Passé Composé with ÊTRE Subscribe to my YouTube channel and you won’t miss a single French lesson:  Cliquez ici Support the LLL French Resource Project on Patreon Reflexive verbs in the passé composé with être Passé Composé with ÊTRE:  These verbs use être as helping verb in the passé composé.  Those highlighted in red can also use avoir as helping verb sometimes (when followed by a direct object).  Note that the meaning changes when using them with avoir as helping verb.  Download this chart as a PDF Would you like to take a test to know what your current level is in French? D descendre to go down to take down descendu R rentrer to go home to put something back into something else rentré M monter to go up to put something together to turn up the sound to bring something upstairs monté R rester to stay; to remain resté S sortir to go out to take out sorti P passer to pass by to take a test to pass something to someone passé V venir to come venu A arriver to arrive arrivé N naître to be born né D devenir to become devenu E entrer to enter entré R retourner to go back to turn something over retourné T tomber to fall tombé R revenir to come back revenu A aller to go allé M mourir to die mort P partir to leave parti Connect with LLL WEBSITE – Find out how to take private French lessons on Skype or book an immersion tour in France. YOUTUBE – 200 + French grammar lessons with Jennifer FRENCH BLOG – Have...

FRENCH TABOO SPEAKING GAMES

FRENCH TABOO SPEAKING GAMES For French teachers, conversation groups, and friends who practice French together. Click on the link above to visit my shop and browse over 20 different versions of my French -English TABOO games. Subscribe to my channel and be sure not to miss out on any French teacher tutorials. Support the LLL French Resource Project on Patreon Taboo is a great game that you can play to improve your speaking skills, increase your vocabulary and have fun at the same time whether you are a beginner or an advanced learner. Would you like to take a test to know what your current level is in French? Object of the French Taboo Game Instructions for Beginners If you are a beginner, you will probably think it is really hard to explain the GUESS WORD without using the TABOO WORDS listed beneath it on the cards.  No worries! Instead, you will actually want to use all of the taboo words to explain the guess word. It will significantly increase your vocabulary and improve your speaking skills. When you are ready you can try to play this game with the traditional rules. Have a look at this taboo card. You see that the guess word at the top is UN POTAGER – A VEGETABLE GARDEN. You can use all of the words listed below to try and have your partner guess the word you are describing. For example, you might say “C’est un enclos dans un jardin où on plante des légumes comme des radis et de la laitue.” Instructions for Advanced Level Learners You have to explain the...

French Power Verb SAVOIR

 French Verb SAVOIR The verb SAVOIR means TO KNOW HOW.  Using this verb in the conditional tense is a way to speak politely in French. Subscribe to my YouTube channel and you won’t miss a single French lesson:  Cliquez ici Practice and master the verb SAVOIR with the quizlet study set below. Support the LLL French Resource Project on Patreon Lesson on POUVOIR  Lesson on VOULOIR  Lesson on DEVOIR  Lesson on ALLER Would you like to take a test to know what your current level is in French? Savoir:  Present tense conjugation Je sais I know how Nous savons We know how Tu sais You know how Vous savez You know how Il – Elle – On sait He – She – One knows how *ON SAIT also means WE KNOW HOW Ils – Elles savent They know how Savoir:  Conditional tense conjugation Je saurais I would know how Nous saurions We would know how Tu saurais You would know how Vous sauriez You would know how Il – Elle – On saurait He – She – One would know how *ON SAURAIT also means WE WOULD KNOW HOW Ils – Elles sauraient They would know how Exemples Je Je sais manger. I know how to eat. Je ne sais pas manger. I don’t know how to eat. Je saurais manger. I would know how to eat. Je ne saurrais pas manger. I would not know how to eat. Tu Tu sais voyager. You know how to travel. Tu ne sais pas voyager. You don’t know how to travel. Tu saurais voyager. You would know how to travel. Tu ne saurrais pas...

French Power Verb DEVOIR

 French Verb DEVOIR  The verb DEVOIR means MUST or TO HAVE TO.  Using this verb in the conditional tense is a way to speak politely in French. Subscribe to my YouTube channel and you won’t miss a single French lesson:  Cliquez ici Practice and master the verb DEVOIR with the quizlet study set below. Support the LLL French Resource Project on Patreon Lesson on POUVOIR Lesson on VOULOIR Lesson on SAVOIR Lesson on ALLER Devoir:  Present tense conjugation Would you like to take a test to know what your current level is in French? Je dois I have to Nous devons We have to Tu dois You have to Vous devez You have to Il – Elle – On doit He – She – One has to *ON DOIT also means WE HAVE TO Ils – Elles doivent They have to Devoir:  Conditional tense conjugation Je devrais I should Nous devrions We should Tu devrais You should Vous devriez You should Il – Elle – On devrait He – She – One should *ON DEVRAIT also means WE SHOULD Ils – Elles devraient They should Exemples Je Je dois manger. I have to eat. Je ne dois pas manger. I must not eat. Je devrais manger. I should eat. Je ne devrais pas manger. I should not eat. Tu Tu dois voyager. You have to travel. Tu ne dois pas voyager. You must not travel. Tu devrais voyager. You should travel. Tu ne devrais pas voyager. You should not travel. Il / Elle / On Il doit travailler. He has to work. Il ne doit pas travailler. He must...

French Power Verb POUVOIR

French Power Verb POUVOIR The verb POUVOIR means CAN or TO BE ABLE TO.   Using this verb in the conditional tense is a way to speak politely in French. Would you like to take a test to know what your current level is in French? Subscribe to my YouTube channel and you won’t miss a single French lesson:  Cliquez ici Practice and master the verb POUVOIR with the quizlet study set below. Support the LLL French Resource Project on Patreon  Lesson on VOULOIR Lesson on DEVOIR Lesson on SAVOIR Lesson on ALLER   Pouvoir:  Present tense conjugation Je peux I can Nous pouvons We can Tu peux You can Vous pouvez You can Il – Elle – On peut He – She – One can *ON PEUT also means WE CAN Ils – Elles peuvent They can Pouvoir:  Conditional tense conjugation Je pourrais I could Nous pourrions We could Tu pourrais You could Vous pourriez You could Il – Elle – On pourrait He – She – One could *ON POURRAIT also means WE COULD Ils – Elles pourraient They could Exemples Je Je peux manger. I can eat. Je ne peux pas manger. I can’t eat. Je pourrais manger. I could eat. Je ne pourrais pas manger. I would not be able to eat. Tu Tu peux voyager. You can travel. Tu ne peux pas voyager. You can’t travel. Tu pourrais voyager. You could travel. Tu ne pourrais pas voyager. You would not be able to travel. Il / Elle / On Il peut travailler. He can work. Il ne peut pas travailler. He can’t work. Il...

French Power Verb VOULOIR

French Power Verb VOULOIR The verb VOULOIR means TO WANT.  Using this verb in the conditional tense is a way to speak politely in French. Subscribe to my YouTube channel and you won’t miss a single French lesson:  Cliquez ici Practice and master the verb VOULOIR with the quizlet study set below. Support the LLL French Resource Project on Patreon Lesson on POUVOIR  Lesson on DEVOIR Lesson on SAVOIR Lesson on ALLER Would you like to take a test to know what your current level is in French? Vouloir:  Present tense conjugation Je veux I want Nous voulons We want Tu veux You want Vous voulez You want Il – Elle – On veut He – She – One wants *ON VEUT also means WE WANT Ils – Elles veulent They want Vouloir:  Conditional tense conjugation Je voudrais I would like Nous voudrions We would like Tu voudrais You would like Vous voudriez You would like Il – Elle – On voudrait He – She – One would like *ON VOUDRAIT also means WE WOULD LIKE Ils – Elles voudraient They would like Exemples Je Je veux manger. I want to eat. Je ne veux pas manger. I don’t want to eat. Je voudrais manger. I would like to eat. Je ne voudrais pas manger. I would not like to eat.  Tu Tu veux voyager. You want to travel. Tu ne veux pas voyager. You don’t want to travel. Tu voudrais voyager. You would like to travel. Tu ne voudrais pas voyager. You would not like to travel. Il / Elle / On Il veut travailler. He wants to...

French Reflexive Verbs Lesson

French Reflexive Verbs Lesson Subscribe to my YouTube channel and you won’t miss a single French lesson:  Cliquez ici Support the LLL French Resource Project on Patreon French reflexive verbs task cards – Reflexive verbs TABOO game – Present tense dice game – Passé composé dice game Would you like to take a test to know what your current level is in French? Present tense JE ME VERB TU TE VERB IL SE VERB ELLE SE VERB ON SE VERB NOUS NOUS VERB VOUS VOUS VERB ILS SE VERB ELLES SE VERB Passé composé tense – ÊTRE is helping verb Using ÊTRE as helping verb in the passé composé lesson JE ME SUIS VERB + AGREEMENT TU T’ES VERB + AGREEMENT IL S’EST VERB + AGREEMENT ELLE S’EST VERB  + AGREEMENT ON S’EST VERB  + AGREEMENT NOUS NOUS SOMMES VERB  + AGREEMENT VOUS VOUS ÊTES VERB  + AGREEMENT ILS SE SONT VERB  + AGREEMENT ELLES SE SONT VERB  + AGREEMENT   Common French reflexive verbs 1 se réveiller to wake up 2 se lever to get up 3 se laver to wash up 4 se brosser les cheveux to brush your hair 5 se brosser les dents to brush your teeth 6 se peigner les cheveux to comb your hair 7 se maquiller to put on makeup 8 se raser to shave 9 s’habiller to get dressed 10 se déshabiller to get undressed 11 se promener to go for a walk 12 s’amuser to have a good time 13 se coucher to go to bed 14 se baigner to go for a swim 15 se sécher to dry off 16...

French Relative Pronoun Lesson – CE QUI – CE QUE – CE DONT

French Relative Pronoun Lesson – CE QUI – CE QUE – CE DONT Subscribe to my YouTube channel and you won’t miss a single French lesson:  Cliquez ici Support the LLL French Resource Project on Patreon Would you like to take a test to know what your current level is in French? CE QUI, CE QUE and CE DONT are like the relative pronouns QUI, QUE and DONT, meaning they introduce dependent clauses. A dependent clause is one that has a subject and a verb, but it needs to be connected to a main clause to form a complete sentence. Relative pronouns are the words that connect a dependent clause to a main clause. The difference between CE QUI, CE QUE, CE DONT and QUI, QUE and DONT is that they don’t refer to a specific noun that has already been mentioned. They refer to something less specific, like an idea or a whole statement. That idea may or may not have already been stated. CE QUI USE IT AS SUBJECT OF THE DEPENDENT CLAUSE Le vent, c’est ce qui me dérange le plus. The wind is what bothers me the most. Ce qui me dérange, c’est quand il y a trop de vent. What bothers me the most is when there is too much wind. CE QUE USE IT AS DIRECT OBJECT OF THE DEPENDENT CLAUSE Je ne comprends pas ce que tu dis. I don’t understand what you are saying. Ce que nous devons faire, c’est prendre le train demain. What we must do is take the train tomorrow. CE DONT USE IT AS THE OBJECT OF...

French Prepositions of Location

French Prepositions of Location Subscribe to my YouTube channel and you won’t miss a single French lesson:  Cliquez ici Support the LLL French Resource Project on Patreon Would you like to take a test to know what your current level is in French? DEVANT L’éléphant est devant la chaise. The elephant is in front of the chair. DERRIÈRE Le chien est derrière le garçon. The dog is behind the boy. À CÔTÉ DE Le lapin est à côté du chaton. The rabbit is next to the kitten. SOUS La fille lit sous un arbre. The girl is reading under a tree. DANS Les fruits sont dans le panier. The fruit is in the basket. SUR Le chien est sur le fauteuil. The dog is on the armchair. ENTRE Le chien est entre les lapins. The dog is between the rabbits. PAR TERRE La glace est tombée par terre. The ice cream cone fell on the floor. CONTRE Le chat se repose contre la poubelle. The cat is resting against the trashcan. AU MILIEU La cheminée est au milieu de la pièce. The fireplace is in the middle of the room. AU DESSUS L’avion vole au dessus des nuages. The plane is flying above the clouds. EN DESSOUS Nous sommes en dessous de la Tour Eiffel. We are beneath the Eiffel Tower. À GAUCHE DE Le chien est à gauche de sa niche. The dog is to the left of his doghouse. À DROITE DE La maman est à droite de son bébé. The mom is to the right of her baby. LE LUTIN Le lutin est près de la...

French Relative Pronouns Lesson: QUI – QUE – OÙ – DONT

French Relative Pronouns Lesson   Subscribe to my YouTube channel and you won’t miss a single French lesson:  Cliquez ici Support the LLL French Resource Project on Patreon Would you like to take a test to know what your current level is in French? QUI – QUE – OÙ – DONT What is a relative pronoun? Here is a lesson on French relative pronouns: CE QUE, CE QUI, CE DONT These words are used to link a dependent clause to a main clause. A dependent clause is a group of words with a subject and a verb. It does not express a complete thought so it isn’t a sentence and can’t stand alone. In English, French relative pronouns can be translated to WHO, WHOM, THAT, WHICH, WHOSE, WHERE or WHEN. Unlike in French, we don’t always have to use them in English. Many times they are optional. For example, I could say either “the movie I saw last night” or “the movie that I saw last night”. QUI QUI can be tricky because you’ve certainly learned that as a question word, QUI means WHO. As a relative pronoun it can mean WHO or WHAT. QUI replaces the subject in the dependent clause. Je téléphone à ma mère. Elle est en Louisiane. Je téléphone à ma mère qui est en Louisiane. I am calling my mother. She is in Louisiana. I am calling my mother who is in Louisiana. In this example QUI means WHO. Je vais lire le livre. Il est dans mon sac. Je vais lire le livre qui est dans mon sac. I am going to read...